Does the gender relevance of the stressor influence sex differences in psychophysiological responses?

K. A. Matthews, M. C. Davis, C. M. Stoney, J. F. Owens, A. R. Caggiula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sex differences in psychophysiological responses to stress may be important to understanding sex differences in risk for coronary heart disease. This investigation tested the hypothesis that the gender relevance of the stressor influences the extent of sex differences in cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and lipid responses during stress. Participants performed two tasks that were described as masculine oriented, feminine oriented, or not gender relevant. Although these descriptions influenced the participants' perceptions of the tasks, they did not influence the extent of sex differences in physiological responses in a manner consistent with the study hypothesis. Future directions for research are discussed regarding sex differences in psychophysiological responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalHealth psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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