Does self-efficacy predict performance in experienced weightlifters?

P. A. Fitzsimmons, D. M. Landers, J. R. Thomas, Hans Van Der Mars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies that have examined self-efficacy-performance relationships have used novice performers. It is unclear if these findings would generalize to "experienced" performers. Based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory, this study was designed to investigate (a) the effects of false information feedback on self-efficacy beliefs and subsequent weightlifting performance, and (b) whether self-efficacy or past performance is most related to subsequent weightlifting performance. Experienced weightlifters engaged in six performance sessions, each consisting of a one-repetition-maximum bench press. Male subjects (N = 36) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: accurate performance information, false information that they lifted more than their actual lift, or false information that they lifted less than their actual lift. Before each session, subjects indicated the amount of weight they were 100%, 75%, and 50% confident they could lift. Results replicated existing research findings regarding deception and performance; false positive feedback increased future bench press performance. In addition, results indicated that past weightlifting performance accounted for nearly all of the variance in subsequent performance. This finding is discussed in light of the difficulty in extending the predictions of self-efficacy theory to sport settings where athletes have gained experience by undergoing repeated training trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-431
Number of pages8
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume62
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1991

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Deception
Athletes
Sports
Weights and Measures
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Does self-efficacy predict performance in experienced weightlifters? / Fitzsimmons, P. A.; Landers, D. M.; Thomas, J. R.; Van Der Mars, Hans.

In: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol. 62, No. 4, 12.1991, p. 424-431.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fitzsimmons, P. A. ; Landers, D. M. ; Thomas, J. R. ; Van Der Mars, Hans. / Does self-efficacy predict performance in experienced weightlifters?. In: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1991 ; Vol. 62, No. 4. pp. 424-431.
@article{7089119e8c4d42b5bfc5e0f00af58e7a,
title = "Does self-efficacy predict performance in experienced weightlifters?",
abstract = "Previous studies that have examined self-efficacy-performance relationships have used novice performers. It is unclear if these findings would generalize to {"}experienced{"} performers. Based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory, this study was designed to investigate (a) the effects of false information feedback on self-efficacy beliefs and subsequent weightlifting performance, and (b) whether self-efficacy or past performance is most related to subsequent weightlifting performance. Experienced weightlifters engaged in six performance sessions, each consisting of a one-repetition-maximum bench press. Male subjects (N = 36) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: accurate performance information, false information that they lifted more than their actual lift, or false information that they lifted less than their actual lift. Before each session, subjects indicated the amount of weight they were 100{\%}, 75{\%}, and 50{\%} confident they could lift. Results replicated existing research findings regarding deception and performance; false positive feedback increased future bench press performance. In addition, results indicated that past weightlifting performance accounted for nearly all of the variance in subsequent performance. This finding is discussed in light of the difficulty in extending the predictions of self-efficacy theory to sport settings where athletes have gained experience by undergoing repeated training trials.",
author = "Fitzsimmons, {P. A.} and Landers, {D. M.} and Thomas, {J. R.} and {Van Der Mars}, Hans",
year = "1991",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "424--431",
journal = "Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport",
issn = "0270-1367",
publisher = "AAHPERD",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does self-efficacy predict performance in experienced weightlifters?

AU - Fitzsimmons, P. A.

AU - Landers, D. M.

AU - Thomas, J. R.

AU - Van Der Mars, Hans

PY - 1991/12

Y1 - 1991/12

N2 - Previous studies that have examined self-efficacy-performance relationships have used novice performers. It is unclear if these findings would generalize to "experienced" performers. Based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory, this study was designed to investigate (a) the effects of false information feedback on self-efficacy beliefs and subsequent weightlifting performance, and (b) whether self-efficacy or past performance is most related to subsequent weightlifting performance. Experienced weightlifters engaged in six performance sessions, each consisting of a one-repetition-maximum bench press. Male subjects (N = 36) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: accurate performance information, false information that they lifted more than their actual lift, or false information that they lifted less than their actual lift. Before each session, subjects indicated the amount of weight they were 100%, 75%, and 50% confident they could lift. Results replicated existing research findings regarding deception and performance; false positive feedback increased future bench press performance. In addition, results indicated that past weightlifting performance accounted for nearly all of the variance in subsequent performance. This finding is discussed in light of the difficulty in extending the predictions of self-efficacy theory to sport settings where athletes have gained experience by undergoing repeated training trials.

AB - Previous studies that have examined self-efficacy-performance relationships have used novice performers. It is unclear if these findings would generalize to "experienced" performers. Based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory, this study was designed to investigate (a) the effects of false information feedback on self-efficacy beliefs and subsequent weightlifting performance, and (b) whether self-efficacy or past performance is most related to subsequent weightlifting performance. Experienced weightlifters engaged in six performance sessions, each consisting of a one-repetition-maximum bench press. Male subjects (N = 36) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: accurate performance information, false information that they lifted more than their actual lift, or false information that they lifted less than their actual lift. Before each session, subjects indicated the amount of weight they were 100%, 75%, and 50% confident they could lift. Results replicated existing research findings regarding deception and performance; false positive feedback increased future bench press performance. In addition, results indicated that past weightlifting performance accounted for nearly all of the variance in subsequent performance. This finding is discussed in light of the difficulty in extending the predictions of self-efficacy theory to sport settings where athletes have gained experience by undergoing repeated training trials.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026263980&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026263980&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1780566

AN - SCOPUS:0026263980

VL - 62

SP - 424

EP - 431

JO - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

JF - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

SN - 0270-1367

IS - 4

ER -