Does self-efficacy predict performance in experienced weightlifters?

P. A. Fitzsimmons, D. M. Landers, J. R. Thomas, Hans Van Der Mars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies that have examined self-efficacy—performance relationships have used novice performers. It is undear if these findings would generalize to “experienced’’performers. Based on Bandura’s self-efficacy theory, this study was designed to investigate (a) the effects of false information feedback on self-efficacy beliefs and subsequent weightlifting performance, and (b) whether self-efficacy or past performance is most related to subsequent weightlifting performance. Experienced weightlifters engaged in six performance sessions, each consisting of a one-repetition-maximum bench press. Male subjects (N = 36) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: Accurate performance information, false information that they lifted more than their actual lift, or false information that they lifted less than their actual lift. Before each session, subjects indicated the amount of weight they were 100%, 75%, and 50% confident they could lift. Results replicated existing research findings regarding deception and performance; false positive feedback increased future bench press performance. In addition, results indicated that past weightlifting performance accounted for nearly all of the variance in subsequent performance. This finding is discussed in light of the difficulty in extending the predictions of self-efficacy theory to sport settings where athletes have gained experience by undergoing repeated training trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-431
Number of pages8
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991

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Keywords

  • 1 RM
  • Feedback
  • Performance
  • Self-confidence
  • Self-efficacy
  • Weightlifting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Nephrology

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