Does a property-specific environmental health risk create a "neighborhood" housing price stigma? Arsenic in private well water

Kevin J. Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, Congwen Zhang, Michael Devanney, Kathleen P. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of arsenic contamination of groundwater on sale prices of residential properties and bare land transactions in two Maine towns, Buxton and Hollis, that rely on private wells to supply their drinking water. Prompted by tests of well water by the state of Maine, media attention focused on the communities in 1993 and 1994 when 14% of private wells were found to have arsenic concentrations exceeding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency standard of 0.05 mg/L. Households could mitigate the serious health risks associated with arsenic ingestion by purchasing bottled water or by installing a reverse osmosis home treatment system. Our results indicate that the initial arsenic finding in 1993 led to significant, but temporary, 2 year decreases in property prices. This is a much shorter effect on prices than has been observed for Superfund sites, where prices can be depressed for a decade. These results suggest that a property-specific contamination incident that is treatable may not have a long-lasting effect on sale prices, but further research is needed to confirm if the dissipation of the price effect was actually due to the installation of in-home water treatment systems or due to the dissipation of perceived risk once the media coverage stopped.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberW03507
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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