Do sleep and psychological distress mediate the association between neighborhood factors and pain?

Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Tamara Dubowitz, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Daniel Buysse, Lauren Hale, Matthew Buman, Wendy Troxel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. Pain affects millions of American adults. However, individuals from socioeconomically disadvantaged groups experience higher rates of pain, and individuals from racial/ethnic minorities report greater pain severity and pain-related disability. Some studies find an association between neighborhood socioeconomic status and pain. The present study aimed to further understand the association between neighborhood disadvantage and pain, including the role of objective (e.g., crime rates) and subjective neighborhood characteristics (e.g., perceived safety, neighborhood satisfaction), and to examine sleep and psychological distress as potential mediators of these associations. Methods. The sample included 820 participants from two predominantly African American socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods. Trained data collectors interviewed participants on a number of self-report measures, and objective neighborhood characteristics were obtained from city crime data and street segment audits. Results. Subjective characteristics, specifically perceived infrastructure and perceived safety, were associated with pain. Based on bootstrapped regression models, sleep efficiency and psychological distress were tested as mediators of the association between these neighborhood factors and pain. Results of mediation testing indicated that psychological distress served as a significant mediator. Though sleep efficiency was not a mediator, it had a significant independent association with pain. Conclusions. Understanding the contribution of sleep problems and psychological distress to pain among at-risk individuals living in disadvantaged neighborhoods is important to identifying ways that individual- and neighborhood-level interventions may be leveraged to reduce pain-related disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-289
Number of pages12
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sleep
Psychology
Pain
Vulnerable Populations
Crime
Safety
Social Class
African Americans
Self Report

Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Neighborhood
  • Pain
  • Psychological distress
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Holliday, S. B., Dubowitz, T., Ghosh-Dastidar, B., Beckman, R., Buysse, D., Hale, L., ... Troxel, W. (2019). Do sleep and psychological distress mediate the association between neighborhood factors and pain? Pain Medicine (United States), 20(2), 278-289. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pny075

Do sleep and psychological distress mediate the association between neighborhood factors and pain? / Holliday, Stephanie Brooks; Dubowitz, Tamara; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie; Beckman, Robin; Buysse, Daniel; Hale, Lauren; Buman, Matthew; Troxel, Wendy.

In: Pain Medicine (United States), Vol. 20, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 278-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Holliday, SB, Dubowitz, T, Ghosh-Dastidar, B, Beckman, R, Buysse, D, Hale, L, Buman, M & Troxel, W 2019, 'Do sleep and psychological distress mediate the association between neighborhood factors and pain?' Pain Medicine (United States), vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 278-289. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pny075
Holliday SB, Dubowitz T, Ghosh-Dastidar B, Beckman R, Buysse D, Hale L et al. Do sleep and psychological distress mediate the association between neighborhood factors and pain? Pain Medicine (United States). 2019 Feb 1;20(2):278-289. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pny075
Holliday, Stephanie Brooks ; Dubowitz, Tamara ; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie ; Beckman, Robin ; Buysse, Daniel ; Hale, Lauren ; Buman, Matthew ; Troxel, Wendy. / Do sleep and psychological distress mediate the association between neighborhood factors and pain?. In: Pain Medicine (United States). 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 278-289.
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