Do internet-based support interventions change perceptions of social support?

An experimental trial of approaches for supporting diabetes self-management

Manuel Barrera, Russell E. Glasgow, H. Garth McKay, Shawn M. Boles, Edward G. Feil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

195 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Internet-based support groups are a rapidly growing segment of mutual aid programs for individuals with chronic illnesses and other challenges. Previous studies have informed us about the content of online exchanges between support group members, but we know little about the ability of these interventions to change participants' perceptions of support. A randomized trial of 160 adult Type 2 diabetes patients provided novice Internet users with computers and Internet access to 1 of 4 conditions: (a) diabetes information only, (b) a personal self-management coach, (c) a social support intervention, or (d) a personal self-management coach and the support intervention. After 3 months, individuals in the 2 support conditions reported significant increases in support on a diabetes-specific support measure and a general support scale. Participants' age was significantly related to change in social support, but intervention effects were still significant after accounting for this relationship. This report is a critical first step in evaluating the long-term effects of Internet-based support for diabetes self-management. The discussion identifies directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-654
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002

Fingerprint

Self Care
Social Support
Internet
chronic illness
social support
Self-Help Groups
management
coach
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Chronic Disease
group membership
ability
Group
Mentoring

Keywords

  • Chronic illness
  • Diabetes
  • Internet
  • Internet-based communication
  • Mutual aid
  • Peer support
  • Self-management
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Do internet-based support interventions change perceptions of social support? An experimental trial of approaches for supporting diabetes self-management. / Barrera, Manuel; Glasgow, Russell E.; McKay, H. Garth; Boles, Shawn M.; Feil, Edward G.

In: American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 5, 10.2002, p. 637-654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barrera, Manuel ; Glasgow, Russell E. ; McKay, H. Garth ; Boles, Shawn M. ; Feil, Edward G. / Do internet-based support interventions change perceptions of social support? An experimental trial of approaches for supporting diabetes self-management. In: American Journal of Community Psychology. 2002 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 637-654.
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