Do conversational partners entrain on articulatory precision?

Nichola Lubold, Stephanie A. Borrie, Tyson S. Barrett, Megan Willi, Visar Berisha

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The communication phenomenon known as conversational entrainment occurs when dialogue partners align or adapt their behavior to one another while conversing. Associated with rapport, trust, and communicative efficiency, entrainment appears to facilitate conversational success. In this work, we explore how conversational partners entrain or align on articulatory precision or the clarity with which speakers articulate their spoken productions. Articulatory precision also has implications for conversational success as precise articulation can enhance speech understanding and intelligibility. However, in conversational speech, speakers tend to reduce their articulatory precision, preferring low-cost, imprecise speech. Speakers may adapt their articulation and become more precise depending on feedback from their listeners. Given the potential of entrainment, we are interested in how conversational partners adapt or entrain their articulatory precision to one another. We explore this phenomenon in 57 task-based dialogues. Controlling for the influence of speaking rate, we find that speakers entrain on articulatory precision, with significant alignment on articulation of consonants. We discuss the potential applications that speaker alignment on precision might have for modeling conversation and implementing strategies for enhancing communicative success in human-human and human-computer interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1931-1935
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
Volume2019-September
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event20th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association: Crossroads of Speech and Language, INTERSPEECH 2019 - Graz, Austria
Duration: Sep 15 2019Sep 19 2019

Fingerprint

Entrainment
Alignment
Speech intelligibility
Human computer interaction
Feedback
Tend
Communication
Costs
Interaction
Modeling
Speech
Human
Articulation
Dialogue

Keywords

  • Alignment
  • Articulatory precision
  • Dialog systems
  • Entrainment
  • Human-computer interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Do conversational partners entrain on articulatory precision? / Lubold, Nichola; Borrie, Stephanie A.; Barrett, Tyson S.; Willi, Megan; Berisha, Visar.

In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH, Vol. 2019-September, 01.01.2019, p. 1931-1935.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Lubold, Nichola ; Borrie, Stephanie A. ; Barrett, Tyson S. ; Willi, Megan ; Berisha, Visar. / Do conversational partners entrain on articulatory precision?. In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH. 2019 ; Vol. 2019-September. pp. 1931-1935.
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