DNA capture by a CRISPR-Cas9-guided adenine base editor

Audrone Lapinaite, Gavin J. Knott, Cody M. Palumbo, Enrique Lin-Shiao, Michelle F. Richter, Kevin T. Zhao, Peter A. Beal, David R. Liu, Jennifer A. Doudna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CRISPR-Cas-guided base editors convert A•T to G•C, or C•G to T•A, in cellular DNA for precision genome editing. To understand the molecular basis for DNA adenosine deamination by adenine base editors (ABEs), we determined a 3.2-angstrom resolution cryo-electron microscopy structure of ABE8e in a substrate-bound state in which the deaminase domain engages DNA exposed within the CRISPR-Cas9 R-loop complex. Kinetic and structural data suggest that ABE8e catalyzes DNA deamination up to ~1100-fold faster than earlier ABEs because of mutations that stabilize DNA substrates in a constrained, transfer RNA-like conformation. Furthermore, ABE8e's accelerated DNA deamination suggests a previously unobserved transient DNA melting that may occur during double-stranded DNA surveillance by CRISPR-Cas9. These results explain ABE8e-mediated base-editing outcomes and inform the future design of base editors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-571
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume369
Issue number6503
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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