Diversity exposure in preschool: Longitudinal implications for cross-race friendships and racial bias

Larissa M. Gaias, Diana E. Gal, Tashia Abry, Michelle Taylor, Kristen L. Granger

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Intergroup contact among young children has implications for improving racial attitudes and social inclusion. This study examined associations between children's (N = 670) racial biases and cross-race friendships, and whether diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom predicted children's racial biases or cross-race friendships in first or third grades. Results demonstrated weak-moderate stability in racial biases and cross-race friendship across elementary school. First-grade cross-race friendship predicted lower third-grade racial bias, but not vice versa. Exposure to diverse people in preschool was associated with greater odds of having a cross-race friend in first-grade, which predicted the likelihood of having a cross-race friend and lower levels of racial bias in third grade. Diverse materials predicted lower levels of racial bias in first grade, which predicted third-grade racial bias. Results suggest that educators can promote intergroup friendships and positive attitudes by increasing children's exposure to diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    Racism

    Keywords

    • Early childhood education
    • Elementary school
    • In-group bias
    • Longitudinal
    • Racial attitudes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

    Cite this

    Diversity exposure in preschool : Longitudinal implications for cross-race friendships and racial bias. / Gaias, Larissa M.; Gal, Diana E.; Abry, Tashia; Taylor, Michelle; Granger, Kristen L.

    In: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 01.01.2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{1895e48edaa4455ea487c303f18af68b,
    title = "Diversity exposure in preschool: Longitudinal implications for cross-race friendships and racial bias",
    abstract = "Intergroup contact among young children has implications for improving racial attitudes and social inclusion. This study examined associations between children's (N = 670) racial biases and cross-race friendships, and whether diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom predicted children's racial biases or cross-race friendships in first or third grades. Results demonstrated weak-moderate stability in racial biases and cross-race friendship across elementary school. First-grade cross-race friendship predicted lower third-grade racial bias, but not vice versa. Exposure to diverse people in preschool was associated with greater odds of having a cross-race friend in first-grade, which predicted the likelihood of having a cross-race friend and lower levels of racial bias in third grade. Diverse materials predicted lower levels of racial bias in first grade, which predicted third-grade racial bias. Results suggest that educators can promote intergroup friendships and positive attitudes by increasing children's exposure to diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom.",
    keywords = "Early childhood education, Elementary school, In-group bias, Longitudinal, Racial attitudes",
    author = "Gaias, {Larissa M.} and Gal, {Diana E.} and Tashia Abry and Michelle Taylor and Granger, {Kristen L.}",
    year = "2018",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/j.appdev.2018.02.005",
    language = "English (US)",
    journal = "Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology",
    issn = "0193-3973",
    publisher = "Elsevier BV",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Diversity exposure in preschool

    T2 - Longitudinal implications for cross-race friendships and racial bias

    AU - Gaias, Larissa M.

    AU - Gal, Diana E.

    AU - Abry, Tashia

    AU - Taylor, Michelle

    AU - Granger, Kristen L.

    PY - 2018/1/1

    Y1 - 2018/1/1

    N2 - Intergroup contact among young children has implications for improving racial attitudes and social inclusion. This study examined associations between children's (N = 670) racial biases and cross-race friendships, and whether diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom predicted children's racial biases or cross-race friendships in first or third grades. Results demonstrated weak-moderate stability in racial biases and cross-race friendship across elementary school. First-grade cross-race friendship predicted lower third-grade racial bias, but not vice versa. Exposure to diverse people in preschool was associated with greater odds of having a cross-race friend in first-grade, which predicted the likelihood of having a cross-race friend and lower levels of racial bias in third grade. Diverse materials predicted lower levels of racial bias in first grade, which predicted third-grade racial bias. Results suggest that educators can promote intergroup friendships and positive attitudes by increasing children's exposure to diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom.

    AB - Intergroup contact among young children has implications for improving racial attitudes and social inclusion. This study examined associations between children's (N = 670) racial biases and cross-race friendships, and whether diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom predicted children's racial biases or cross-race friendships in first or third grades. Results demonstrated weak-moderate stability in racial biases and cross-race friendship across elementary school. First-grade cross-race friendship predicted lower third-grade racial bias, but not vice versa. Exposure to diverse people in preschool was associated with greater odds of having a cross-race friend in first-grade, which predicted the likelihood of having a cross-race friend and lower levels of racial bias in third grade. Diverse materials predicted lower levels of racial bias in first grade, which predicted third-grade racial bias. Results suggest that educators can promote intergroup friendships and positive attitudes by increasing children's exposure to diverse people and materials in the preschool classroom.

    KW - Early childhood education

    KW - Elementary school

    KW - In-group bias

    KW - Longitudinal

    KW - Racial attitudes

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042426210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042426210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.appdev.2018.02.005

    DO - 10.1016/j.appdev.2018.02.005

    M3 - Article

    JO - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

    JF - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

    SN - 0193-3973

    ER -