Dissolution of alumina particles in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-MgO slags

M. Valdez, K. Prapakorn, A. W. Cramb, S. Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


The dissolution behaviour of alumina particles in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-MgO slags was studied by confocal scanning laser microscopy. Three different slag systems were investigated to evaluate the effect of changing the MgO content in a high silica tundish slag, and the effect of decreasing the silica content when dissolving the particles in a ladle slag. A particle of 80 μm diameter dissolved in 50 s in a simulated ladle slag but needed 100 s to dissolve in a high silica slag at the same temperature. When the silica content was decreased, a decrease in the alumina particle dissolution time was noted. During dissolution of alumina particles in a slag containing MgO, the alumina particle reacts with the slag to form an MgAlO4 layer. No reaction layer was observed during the dissolution of alumina particles in slags that did not contain MgO. This work suggests that the dissolution time of large alumina particles is significant, increasing with particle size and with decreased temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalIronmaking and Steelmaking
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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