Edge-decompositions of the complete λ-fold directed graph over(K, ⇒)n into (uniform) directed complete bipartite subgraphs over(K, ⇒)a, b form a model for wireless communication in sensor networks. Each node can be in one of three states: asleep (powered down), listening, or transmitting. Communication requires that the sender be transmitting, the destination listening, and no other node near the receiver transmitting. We represent nodes of the network as the vertices of over(K, ⇒)n, and time slots for communication as blocks of the graph decomposition. A block with out-vertices A and in-vertices B corresponds to a slot in which the nodes in A are transmitting, those in B are receiving, and all others are asleep. Thus, such a decomposition of λ over(K, ⇒)n guarantees that every ordered pair of nodes in the associated network can communicate in λ time slots. Additional constraints are needed to minimize interference by a third node. Some recursive constructions for these graph decompositions are established, with particular emphasis on properties minimizing interference.
- Graph decompositions
- Graph designs
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics