Direct synthesis of Ru-Ni core-and-shell nanoparticles by spray-pyrolysis: Effects of temperature and precursor constituent ratio

Kalyana C. Pingali, Shuguang Deng, David A. Rockstraw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Core-and-shell nanoparticles of Ru-Ni in the size range of 5-10 nm were synthesized by a single-step spray-pyrolysis process. Ruthenium chloride (RC) and nickel chloride (NC) were dissolved in water and used as a feed stream through an ultrasonic atomizer. The ruthenium chloride to nickel chloride (RC/NC) ratio was varied from 1:1 to 5:1 at various operating temperatures ranging from 500 °C to 1000 °C. Smooth core-and-shell nanoparticles were formed when the RC/NC ratio was 3:1 and 5:1 at 800 °C and 600 °C. A mechanism leading to the formation of such morphologies was proposed and was compared with the experimental results. It was found that as the RC/NC ratio in the precursor increased, temperature can be decreased to obtain core-and-shell nanoparticles. RC/NC ratio of 1:1 at low temperatures of 500 °C generated core-and-shell nanoparticles which are concentric rings. No core-and-shell morphologies were observed at temperatures higher than 800 °C. Once the core-and-shell particles are formed, the temperature can be varied in the range of 200 °C to cause a geometry change from core-and-shell to spherical nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-289
Number of pages8
JournalPowder Technology
Volume183
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2008

Keywords

  • Alloy
  • Bimetallic
  • Core-and-Shell
  • Nanoparticles
  • Ru-Ni
  • Spray-pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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