Direct pulsed laser crystallization of nanocrystals for absorbent layers in photovoltaics: Multiphysics simulation and experiment

Martin Y. Zhang, Qiong Nian, Yung Shin, Gary J. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct pulsed laser crystallization (DPLC) of nanoparticles of photoactive material - Copper Indium Selenide (nanoCIS) is investigated by multiphysics simulation and experiments. Laser interaction with nanoparticles is fundamentally different from their bulk counterparts. A multiphysics electromagnetic-heat transfer model is built to simulate DPLC of nanoparticles. It is found smaller photoactive nanomaterials (e.g., nanoCIS) require less laser fluence to accomplish the DPLC due to their stronger interactions with incident laser and lower melting point. The simulated optimal laser fluence is validated by experiments observation of ideal microstructure. Selectivity of DPLC process is also confirmed by multiphysics simulation and experiments. The combination effects of pulse numbers and laser intensity to trigger laser ablation are investigated in order to avoid undesired results during multiple laser processing. The number of pulse numbers is inversely proportional to the laser fluence to trigger laser ablation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number193506
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume113
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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