Direct mapping of Li-enabled octahedral tilt ordering and associated strain in nanostructured perovskites

Ye Zhu, Ray L. Withers, Laure Bourgeois, Christian Dwyer, Joanne Etheridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-assembled nanostructures with periodic phase separation hold great promise for creating two-and three-dimensional superlattices with extraordinary physical properties. Understanding the mechanism(s) driving the formation of such superlattices demands an understanding of their underlying atomic structure. However, the nanoscale structural fluctuations intrinsic to these superlattices pose a new challenge for structure determination methods. Here we develop an optimized atomic-level imaging condition to measure TiO6 octahedral tilt angles, unit-cell-by-unit-cell, in perovskite-based Li0.5-3xNd0.5+xTiO3, and thereby determine the mathematical formula governing this nanoscale superstructure. We obtain a direct real-space correlation of the octahedral tilt modulation with the superstructure geometry and lattice-parameter variations. This reveals a composition-dependent, self-ordered octahedral superlattice. Amazingly, we observe a reversible annihilation/reconstruction of the octahedral superlattice correlated with the delithiation/lithiation process in this promising Li-ion conductor. This approach to quantify local octahedral tilt and correlate it with strain can be applied to characterize complex octahedral behaviours in other advanced oxide systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1142-1149
Number of pages8
JournalNature Materials
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2015

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Superlattices
perovskites
superlattices
Crystal atomic structure
cells
atomic structure
Phase separation
Perovskite
Oxides
Lattice constants
Nanostructures
lattice parameters
conductors
Physical properties
physical properties
Modulation
Ions
Imaging techniques
modulation
oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Direct mapping of Li-enabled octahedral tilt ordering and associated strain in nanostructured perovskites. / Zhu, Ye; Withers, Ray L.; Bourgeois, Laure; Dwyer, Christian; Etheridge, Joanne.

In: Nature Materials, Vol. 14, No. 11, 31.08.2015, p. 1142-1149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhu, Ye ; Withers, Ray L. ; Bourgeois, Laure ; Dwyer, Christian ; Etheridge, Joanne. / Direct mapping of Li-enabled octahedral tilt ordering and associated strain in nanostructured perovskites. In: Nature Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 14, No. 11. pp. 1142-1149.
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