Direct Imaging of the HD 35841 Debris Disk

A Polarized Dust Ring from Gemini Planet Imager and an Outer Halo from HST/STIS

Thomas M. Esposito, Gaspard Duchne, Paul Kalas, Malena Rice, Ilodie Choquet, Bin Ren, Marshall D. Perrin, Christine H. Chen, Pauline Arriaga, Eugene Chiang, Eric L. Nielsen, James R. Graham, Jason J. Wang, Robert J.De Rosa, Katherine B. Follette, S. Mark Ammons, Megan Ansdell, Vanessa P. Bailey, Travis Barman, Juan Sebastián Bruzzone & 38 others Joanna Bulger, Jeffrey Chilcote, Tara Cotten, Rene Doyon, Michael P. Fitzgerald, Stephen J. Goodsell, Alexandra Z. Greenbaum, Pascale Hibon, Li Wei Hung, Patrick Ingraham, Quinn Konopacky, James E. Larkin, Bruce Macintosh, Jérôme Maire, Franck Marchis, Christian Marois, Johan Mazoyer, Stanimir Metchev, Maxwell A. Millar-Blanchaer, Rebecca Oppenheimer, David Palmer, Jennifer Patience, Lisa Poyneer, Laurent Pueyo, Abhijith Rajan, Julien Rameau, Fredrik T. Rantakyrö, Dominic Ryan, Dmitry Savransky, Adam C. Schneider, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, Inseok Song, Rémi Soummer, Sandrine Thomas, J. Kent Wallace, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Sloane Wiktorowicz, Schuyler Wolff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present new high resolution imaging of a light-scattering dust ring and halo around the young star HD 35841. Using spectroscopic and polarimetric data from the Gemini Planet Imager in H-band (1.6 μm), we detect the highly inclined (i = 85°) ring of debris down to a projected separation of ∼12 au (∼0.″12) for the first time. Optical imaging from HST/STIS shows a smooth dust halo extending outward from the ring to >140 au (>1.″4). We measure the ring's scattering phase function and polarization fraction over scattering angles of 22°-125°, showing a preference for forward scattering and a polarization fraction that peaks at ∼30% near the ansae. Modeling of the scattered-light disk indicates that the ring spans radii of ∼60-220 au, has a vertical thickness similar to that of other resolved dust rings, and contains grains as small as 1.5 μm in diameter. These models also suggest the grains have a low porosity, are more likely to consist of carbon than astrosilicates, and contain significant water ice. The halo has a surface brightness profile consistent with that expected from grains pushed by radiation pressure from the main ring onto highly eccentric but still bound orbits. We also briefly investigate arrangements of a possible inner disk component implied by our spectral energy distribution models, and speculate about the limitations of Mie theory for doing detailed analyses of debris disk dust populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number47
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume156
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Fingerprint

debris
planets
halos
planet
dust
rings
scattering
polarization
Mie theory
light scattering
porosity
ice
radiation pressure
eccentrics
Mie scattering
forward scattering
spectral energy distribution
carbon
brightness
modeling

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • infrared: planetary systems
  • stars: individual (HD 35841)
  • techniques: high angular resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Direct Imaging of the HD 35841 Debris Disk : A Polarized Dust Ring from Gemini Planet Imager and an Outer Halo from HST/STIS. / Esposito, Thomas M.; Duchne, Gaspard; Kalas, Paul; Rice, Malena; Choquet, Ilodie; Ren, Bin; Perrin, Marshall D.; Chen, Christine H.; Arriaga, Pauline; Chiang, Eugene; Nielsen, Eric L.; Graham, James R.; Wang, Jason J.; Rosa, Robert J.De; Follette, Katherine B.; Ammons, S. Mark; Ansdell, Megan; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Barman, Travis; Bruzzone, Juan Sebastián; Bulger, Joanna; Chilcote, Jeffrey; Cotten, Tara; Doyon, Rene; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Goodsell, Stephen J.; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.; Hibon, Pascale; Hung, Li Wei; Ingraham, Patrick; Konopacky, Quinn; Larkin, James E.; Macintosh, Bruce; Maire, Jérôme; Marchis, Franck; Marois, Christian; Mazoyer, Johan; Metchev, Stanimir; Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Palmer, David; Patience, Jennifer; Poyneer, Lisa; Pueyo, Laurent; Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.; Ryan, Dominic; Savransky, Dmitry; Schneider, Adam C.; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Song, Inseok; Soummer, Rémi; Thomas, Sandrine; Wallace, J. Kent; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wiktorowicz, Sloane; Wolff, Schuyler.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 156, No. 2, 47, 01.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Esposito, TM, Duchne, G, Kalas, P, Rice, M, Choquet, I, Ren, B, Perrin, MD, Chen, CH, Arriaga, P, Chiang, E, Nielsen, EL, Graham, JR, Wang, JJ, Rosa, RJD, Follette, KB, Ammons, SM, Ansdell, M, Bailey, VP, Barman, T, Bruzzone, JS, Bulger, J, Chilcote, J, Cotten, T, Doyon, R, Fitzgerald, MP, Goodsell, SJ, Greenbaum, AZ, Hibon, P, Hung, LW, Ingraham, P, Konopacky, Q, Larkin, JE, Macintosh, B, Maire, J, Marchis, F, Marois, C, Mazoyer, J, Metchev, S, Millar-Blanchaer, MA, Oppenheimer, R, Palmer, D, Patience, J, Poyneer, L, Pueyo, L, Rajan, A, Rameau, J, Rantakyrö, FT, Ryan, D, Savransky, D, Schneider, AC, Sivaramakrishnan, A, Song, I, Soummer, R, Thomas, S, Wallace, JK, Ward-Duong, K, Wiktorowicz, S & Wolff, S 2018, 'Direct Imaging of the HD 35841 Debris Disk: A Polarized Dust Ring from Gemini Planet Imager and an Outer Halo from HST/STIS', Astronomical Journal, vol. 156, no. 2, 47. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aacbc9
Esposito, Thomas M. ; Duchne, Gaspard ; Kalas, Paul ; Rice, Malena ; Choquet, Ilodie ; Ren, Bin ; Perrin, Marshall D. ; Chen, Christine H. ; Arriaga, Pauline ; Chiang, Eugene ; Nielsen, Eric L. ; Graham, James R. ; Wang, Jason J. ; Rosa, Robert J.De ; Follette, Katherine B. ; Ammons, S. Mark ; Ansdell, Megan ; Bailey, Vanessa P. ; Barman, Travis ; Bruzzone, Juan Sebastián ; Bulger, Joanna ; Chilcote, Jeffrey ; Cotten, Tara ; Doyon, Rene ; Fitzgerald, Michael P. ; Goodsell, Stephen J. ; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. ; Hibon, Pascale ; Hung, Li Wei ; Ingraham, Patrick ; Konopacky, Quinn ; Larkin, James E. ; Macintosh, Bruce ; Maire, Jérôme ; Marchis, Franck ; Marois, Christian ; Mazoyer, Johan ; Metchev, Stanimir ; Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. ; Oppenheimer, Rebecca ; Palmer, David ; Patience, Jennifer ; Poyneer, Lisa ; Pueyo, Laurent ; Rajan, Abhijith ; Rameau, Julien ; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T. ; Ryan, Dominic ; Savransky, Dmitry ; Schneider, Adam C. ; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand ; Song, Inseok ; Soummer, Rémi ; Thomas, Sandrine ; Wallace, J. Kent ; Ward-Duong, Kimberly ; Wiktorowicz, Sloane ; Wolff, Schuyler. / Direct Imaging of the HD 35841 Debris Disk : A Polarized Dust Ring from Gemini Planet Imager and an Outer Halo from HST/STIS. In: Astronomical Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 156, No. 2.
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T2 - A Polarized Dust Ring from Gemini Planet Imager and an Outer Halo from HST/STIS

AU - Esposito, Thomas M.

AU - Duchne, Gaspard

AU - Kalas, Paul

AU - Rice, Malena

AU - Choquet, Ilodie

AU - Ren, Bin

AU - Perrin, Marshall D.

AU - Chen, Christine H.

AU - Arriaga, Pauline

AU - Chiang, Eugene

AU - Nielsen, Eric L.

AU - Graham, James R.

AU - Wang, Jason J.

AU - Rosa, Robert J.De

AU - Follette, Katherine B.

AU - Ammons, S. Mark

AU - Ansdell, Megan

AU - Bailey, Vanessa P.

AU - Barman, Travis

AU - Bruzzone, Juan Sebastián

AU - Bulger, Joanna

AU - Chilcote, Jeffrey

AU - Cotten, Tara

AU - Doyon, Rene

AU - Fitzgerald, Michael P.

AU - Goodsell, Stephen J.

AU - Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.

AU - Hibon, Pascale

AU - Hung, Li Wei

AU - Ingraham, Patrick

AU - Konopacky, Quinn

AU - Larkin, James E.

AU - Macintosh, Bruce

AU - Maire, Jérôme

AU - Marchis, Franck

AU - Marois, Christian

AU - Mazoyer, Johan

AU - Metchev, Stanimir

AU - Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.

AU - Oppenheimer, Rebecca

AU - Palmer, David

AU - Patience, Jennifer

AU - Poyneer, Lisa

AU - Pueyo, Laurent

AU - Rajan, Abhijith

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AU - Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.

AU - Ryan, Dominic

AU - Savransky, Dmitry

AU - Schneider, Adam C.

AU - Sivaramakrishnan, Anand

AU - Song, Inseok

AU - Soummer, Rémi

AU - Thomas, Sandrine

AU - Wallace, J. Kent

AU - Ward-Duong, Kimberly

AU - Wiktorowicz, Sloane

AU - Wolff, Schuyler

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KW - circumstellar matter

KW - infrared: planetary systems

KW - stars: individual (HD 35841)

KW - techniques: high angular resolution

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