Direct and indirect effects of environmental temperature on the evolution of reproductive strategies

an information-theoretic approach.

Michael Angilletta, Christopher E. Oufiero, Adam D. Leaché

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For ectotherms, environmental temperature affects the optimal size and number of offspring via multiple mechanisms. First, temperature influences the performance of offspring, which directly affects the optimal size of offspring. Second, temperature influences maternal body size, which indirectly affects the optimal size and/or number of offspring when larger females acquire more energetic resources or provide better parental care. Although traditional statistical approaches might distinguish the relative importance of these effects, an information-theoretic approach enables one to estimate effects more accurately by identifying the best evolutionary model in a set of candidate models. Here, we use the Akaike Information Criterion to calculate the likelihoods of seven path models, each derived from one or more optimality models of reproduction. Variation in reproductive traits among populations of lizards (Sceloporus undulatus) was used to quantify support for the models. Our results overwhelmingly supported a model based on an indirect effect of temperature that is mediated by maternal size. Path coefficients of this model were consistent with the hypotheses that, first, larger females can acquire more energy for reproduction and, second, the survival of offspring depends on both their size and their density. Our analyses exemplify how information theory can identify evolutionary hypotheses that merit experimental testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American naturalist
Volume168
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

reproductive strategy
ambient temperature
Temperature
Reproduction
temperature
Mothers
Information Theory
Lizards
Body Size
Sceloporus undulatus
Akaike information criterion
parental care
reproductive traits
effect
lizard
lizards
body size
Population
energetics
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Direct and indirect effects of environmental temperature on the evolution of reproductive strategies : an information-theoretic approach. / Angilletta, Michael; Oufiero, Christopher E.; Leaché, Adam D.

In: The American naturalist, Vol. 168, No. 4, 10.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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