Dimeric anthracene-based mechanophore particles for damage precursor detection in reinforced epoxy matrix composites

Elizabeth M. Nofen, Jason Wickham, Bonsung Koo, Aditi Chattopadhyay, Lenore Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The problem of catastrophic damage purveys in any material application, and minimizing its occurrence is paramount for general health and safety. We have successfully synthesized, characterized, and applied dimeric 9-anthracene carboxylic acid (Di-AC)-based mechanophore particles to form stress sensing epoxy matrix composites. As Di-AC had never been previously applied as a mechanophore and thermosets are rarely studied in mechanochemistry, this created an alternative avenue for study in the field. Under an applied stress, the cyclooctane-rings in the Di-AC particles reverted back to their fluorescent anthracene form, which linearly enhanced the overall fluorescence of the composite in response to the applied strain. The fluorescent signal further allowed for stress sensing in the elastic region of the stress-strain curve, which is considered to be a form of damage precursor detection. Overall, the incorporation of Di-AC to the epoxy matrix added much desired stress sensing and damage precursor detection capabilities with good retention of the material properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035701
JournalMaterials Research Express
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Dimeric anthracene
  • Epoxy composites
  • Mechanochemistry
  • Mechanophore
  • Stress sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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