Dimensions of inequality. Comparing the North Atlantic and the US Southwest

Orri Vésteinsson, Michelle Hegmon, Jette Arneborg, Glen Rice, Will G. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Analysis of three different realms of inequality in two pairs of small-scale pre-industrial societies in two very different and culturally unconnected regions – Hohokam and Mimbres in the US Southwest and Greenland and Iceland in the North Atlantic – suggests that inequality can be successfully used as a yardstick to compare societies in the past. The study finds that there were significant inequalities in these small-scale farming societies – often described in previous studies as “egalitarian” – but that proxies for economic inequality like access to productive resources and to exotic goods do not fully reflect the range and nature of these inequalities. Access to ritual space is found to be a more sensitive measure of actual inequalities as experienced by members of these societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-191
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
Volume54
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Economics
pre-industrial society
society
Iceland
North Atlantic
US Southwest
religious behavior
resources
economics

Keywords

  • Exotic goods
  • Greenland
  • Hohokam
  • Iceland
  • Inequality
  • Mimbres
  • Productive resources
  • Ritual space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Dimensions of inequality. Comparing the North Atlantic and the US Southwest. / Vésteinsson, Orri; Hegmon, Michelle; Arneborg, Jette; Rice, Glen; Russell, Will G.

In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 54, 01.06.2019, p. 172-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vésteinsson, Orri ; Hegmon, Michelle ; Arneborg, Jette ; Rice, Glen ; Russell, Will G. / Dimensions of inequality. Comparing the North Atlantic and the US Southwest. In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. 2019 ; Vol. 54. pp. 172-191.
@article{73f8918cd58446a599f04e092a6a5c29,
title = "Dimensions of inequality. Comparing the North Atlantic and the US Southwest",
abstract = "Analysis of three different realms of inequality in two pairs of small-scale pre-industrial societies in two very different and culturally unconnected regions – Hohokam and Mimbres in the US Southwest and Greenland and Iceland in the North Atlantic – suggests that inequality can be successfully used as a yardstick to compare societies in the past. The study finds that there were significant inequalities in these small-scale farming societies – often described in previous studies as “egalitarian” – but that proxies for economic inequality like access to productive resources and to exotic goods do not fully reflect the range and nature of these inequalities. Access to ritual space is found to be a more sensitive measure of actual inequalities as experienced by members of these societies.",
keywords = "Exotic goods, Greenland, Hohokam, Iceland, Inequality, Mimbres, Productive resources, Ritual space",
author = "Orri V{\'e}steinsson and Michelle Hegmon and Jette Arneborg and Glen Rice and Russell, {Will G.}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaa.2019.04.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "172--191",
journal = "Journal of Anthropological Archaeology",
issn = "0278-4165",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dimensions of inequality. Comparing the North Atlantic and the US Southwest

AU - Vésteinsson, Orri

AU - Hegmon, Michelle

AU - Arneborg, Jette

AU - Rice, Glen

AU - Russell, Will G.

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Analysis of three different realms of inequality in two pairs of small-scale pre-industrial societies in two very different and culturally unconnected regions – Hohokam and Mimbres in the US Southwest and Greenland and Iceland in the North Atlantic – suggests that inequality can be successfully used as a yardstick to compare societies in the past. The study finds that there were significant inequalities in these small-scale farming societies – often described in previous studies as “egalitarian” – but that proxies for economic inequality like access to productive resources and to exotic goods do not fully reflect the range and nature of these inequalities. Access to ritual space is found to be a more sensitive measure of actual inequalities as experienced by members of these societies.

AB - Analysis of three different realms of inequality in two pairs of small-scale pre-industrial societies in two very different and culturally unconnected regions – Hohokam and Mimbres in the US Southwest and Greenland and Iceland in the North Atlantic – suggests that inequality can be successfully used as a yardstick to compare societies in the past. The study finds that there were significant inequalities in these small-scale farming societies – often described in previous studies as “egalitarian” – but that proxies for economic inequality like access to productive resources and to exotic goods do not fully reflect the range and nature of these inequalities. Access to ritual space is found to be a more sensitive measure of actual inequalities as experienced by members of these societies.

KW - Exotic goods

KW - Greenland

KW - Hohokam

KW - Iceland

KW - Inequality

KW - Mimbres

KW - Productive resources

KW - Ritual space

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064449729&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064449729&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jaa.2019.04.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jaa.2019.04.004

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 172

EP - 191

JO - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

JF - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

SN - 0278-4165

ER -