Diffusion and permeation constants of helium in various glasses

A. Suckow, P. Schlosser, H. Rupp, R. Bayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measurements of the diffusion and permeation constant (and hence the solubility) of helium in different types of German glass (Duran, GW, GW12, N16B, AW, and Supremax) were performed to investigate their suitability as materials for use in mass spectrometric systems for ultra low level tritium measurements on natural water samples. The measurements were conducted by the Barrer method with the helium being detected by a mass spectrometer calibrated by measurement of defined amounts of air drawn from a 0.6 litre stainless steel container. Reproducibility of the standard measurements was about ± 1.5%, the sensitivity of the quadrupole mass spectrometer varying by only about 4% for partial pressures of helium ranging from about 10-4 to 10-8 mbar. The diffusion constants decrease from Duran via GW12, GW, N16B, and AW to Supremax. The Bunsen solubilities are only slightly temperature dependent and the mean values range from 5.29 × 10-3 in Duran to 7.89 × 10-4 in AW glass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-164
Number of pages5
JournalGlass Technology
Volume31
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diffusion and permeation constants of helium in various glasses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this