Differential sensitivity of T suppressor cell expression to inhibition by histamine type 2 receptor antagonists

D. E. Griswold, S. Alessi, A. M. Badger, G. Poste, N. Hanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The ability of the histamine type 2 (H2) receptor antagonists cimetidine and oxmetidine to inhibit the immune suppression mediated by different types of murine T suppressor cells has been evaluated. Both compounds at doses as low as 1 mg/kg administered as a per os (p.o.) twice a day (b.i.d.) regimen abrogated the expression of dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced, Lyt-2+, T suppressor cells and stimulated contact sensitivity to dinitrofluorobenzene in adoptive transfer experiments. Comparable inhibition of Lyt-1+, T suppressor cell activity induced by UV irradiation required higher doses of cimetidine and oxmetidine (200 and 25 mg/kg; p.o., b.i.d., respectively). In contrast, the T suppressor cell-mediated unresponsiveness induced by inoculation with a high dose of sheep red blood cells was refractory to treatment in vivo with either cimetidine or oxmetidine regardless of the dose. These results indicate that T suppressor cell populations differ markedly in their susceptibility to modulation by H2 antagonists. The histamine type 1 (H1) receptor antagonist diphenhydramine, had no effect on suppressor cell activity in any of these systems, indicating that modulation of suppressor cell activity is mediated thorugh an H2 receptor interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1811-1815
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 26 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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