Differential challenge stressor-hindrance stressor relationships with job attitudes, turnover intentions, turnover, and withdrawal behavior: A meta-analysis

Nathan P. Podsakoff, Jeffery A. Lepine, Marcie A. Lepine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

795 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, a 2-dimensional work stressor framework is used to explain inconsistencies in past research with respect to stressor relationships with retention-related criteria. Results of meta-analyses of 183 independent samples indicated that whereas hindrance stressors had dysfunctional relationships with these criteria (negative relationships with job satisfaction and organizational commitment and positive relationships with turnover intentions, turnover, and withdrawal behavior), relationships with challenge stressors were generally the opposite (positive relationships with job satisfaction and organizational commitment and negative relationships with turnover intentions and turnover). Results also suggested that the differential relationships between challenge stressors and hindrance stressors and the more distal criteria (withdrawal behavior and turnover) were due, in part, to the mediating effects of job attitudes. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-454
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Job attitudes
  • Meta-analysis
  • Strain
  • Stress
  • Turnover
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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