Differential affect structure in depressive and anxiety disorders

Jason Williams, Frenk Peeters, Alex Zautra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A dynamic model of affect suggests that positive and negative affect (PA and NA) are normally relatively independent of one another, whereas the heightened apprehensiveness and narrowed cognitive attention in persons with anxiety may contribute to a more unidimensional affect structure. This possibility was examined in a sample of 230 patients seeking treatment for anxiety and depressive disorders in the Netherlands. Two methods, a multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Fisher's z test of correlations, were used to test these predicted relationships within a sample of persons diagnosed with either a depressive or an anxiety disorder. Both methods supported these predictions, with the depressed group exhibiting relatively independent PA and NA while the anxious group's affects were more strongly inversely correlated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

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Depressive Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Netherlands
Statistical Factor Analysis
Anxiety
Person
Therapeutics
Prediction
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
The Netherlands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Differential affect structure in depressive and anxiety disorders. / Williams, Jason; Peeters, Frenk; Zautra, Alex.

In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Vol. 17, No. 4, 12.2004, p. 321-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Williams, Jason ; Peeters, Frenk ; Zautra, Alex. / Differential affect structure in depressive and anxiety disorders. In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 2004 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 321-330.
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