Comportamientos verbales diferentes en ninos de 7 a 12 anos con deficit de atencion

Translated title of the contribution: Different verbal behaviour in children with attention deficit aged between 7 and 12 years old

D. A. Pineda, M. A. Restrepo, G. C. Henao, V. Gutiérrez-Clellen, D. Sánchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. According to factor brain organization of cognition model, it has been proposed that there are specific a shared underlie factors in the structure of each cognitive functions. Objective. To determine if children with attention deficit disorder (ADD) have different verbal abilities than controls, and if verbal behaviors are related to inattention and hyperactive symptoms. Patients and methods. 32 children with attention deficit without hyperactivity (ADD/-H), 28 children with attention deficit hyperactivity (ADD/+H), according to DSM-IV criteria and higher than 60-T-Score on an ADHD checklist, and 32 control children were selected. Age, sex, school achievement, and socioeconomic status were controlled. All children had a WISC-R performance intelligence quotient (PIQ)> 80 and were 7-to-12-year old. Verbal test to assess comprehension, inferences, narrative, fluency, analogies and rapid naming were applied. Results. Children from both ADD groups obtained significant lower WISC-R verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ), PIQ full scale IQ (FSIQ), and phonologic fluency score than controls (ANOVA- Bonferroni's correction p < 0.005). ADD/+ H children performed significant lower than controls in narrative and analogies (p< 0.005). An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), using FSIQ as covariable, showed that phonologic verbal fluency continued presenting significant differences between control and ADD children. Inattention-hyperactivity checklist scores had significant inverse and mild correlations with inferences, items recalled in a narrative, phonologic verbal fluency, and analogies (r> -0.20, p< 0.05). There were significant and small correlations between inattention score and rapid naming errors, and between Inattention and rapid naming time (r> 0.20, p < 0.05). Conclusion. Our data found different verbal production, fluency and speed in ADD/+H and ADD/-H children. There were shared underlie relations between verbal abilities and behavioral symptoms.

Translated title of the contributionDifferent verbal behaviour in children with attention deficit aged between 7 and 12 years old
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1117-1127
Number of pages11
JournalRevista de Neurologia
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Attention deficit
  • Child neuropsychology
  • Hyperactivity
  • Inattention
  • Language
  • Language disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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