Different shades of green: Global oil and gas companies and renewable energy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The long-term energy transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy raises critical questions about the future of oil and gas firms. This study asks why some oil and gas firms are committed to renewable energy while others continue to maintain a distinct fossil fuels focus with little or no investment in renewable energy. The analysis reveals that there is a wide range in the degree to which oil and gas firms have invested in renewable energy. Some firms have no investments and others have investments in multiple renewable energy technologies across many countries. We examine a combination of country-based institutional factors and firm-based knowledge and experience factors that could impact oil and gas firms’ decisions to invest in renewable energy activity. Regulative and normative pressures impacted renewable energy investments as did environmental citizenship and the degree of internationalization. The study’s integration of country-level factors with firm-level experiences provides insights into how firms are dealing with the energy transition. By examining areas such as sustainability and regulatory policy, the paper sheds light on the ways in which scholars can tap into measures and methods that can extend traditional IB research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
StateAccepted/In press - 2020


  • content analysis
  • institutional theory
  • oil and gas
  • renewable energy
  • sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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