Dietary mushrooms: An excellent source for nutraceuticals capable of reducing risk factors for cardiovascular disease

W. J. Tucker, Siddhartha Angadi, K. R. Martin

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. Epidemiological evidence suggests that dietary intervention is an important and effective means of reducing CVD risk due to the plethora of beneficial bioactive agents present primarily in plant-based diets. Mushrooms such as shiitake (Lentinus edodes), maitake (Grifola frondosa) and oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) in particular are rich in bioactive compounds. These compounds include eritadenine, lovastatin, beta-glucans, ergothioneine, flavonoids, ergosterols, zaragozic acids and phenolic compounds, which function as nutraceuticals via numerous mechanisms to lower CVD risk. This occurs, in part, by lowering total plasma and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, increasing bile acid excretion and hepatic LDL receptor mRNA expression and inhibiting HMG CoA reductase and squalene synthesis. Mushrooms also exert anti-inflammatory, immunomodulating, anti-coagulant, anti-hypertensive and anti-adhesive properties that collectively diminish atherosclerotic risk. Furthermore, dietary mushrooms may inhibit development of atherosclerotic plaques and purportedly reduce the overall plaque size if already present. Emerging research suggests that many of these effects not only occur at the level of molecular interaction and enzymatic inhibition but also at the level of gene expression changes. Thus, dietary mushrooms are a rich source of nutraceuticals and may be an important dietary means of reducing the risk for CVD.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationNutrigenomics
    Subtitle of host publicationApplication to the Development of Nutraceuticals and Cosmeceuticals
    PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
    Pages35-53
    Number of pages19
    ISBN (Print)9781624170515
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

    Keywords

    • Bioactive agents
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Dietary mushrooms
    • Nutraceuticals
    • Nutrigenomics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Tucker, W. J., Angadi, S., & Martin, K. R. (2013). Dietary mushrooms: An excellent source for nutraceuticals capable of reducing risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In Nutrigenomics: Application to the Development of Nutraceuticals and Cosmeceuticals (pp. 35-53). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..