Dialogism: A framework for CSCL and a signature of collaboration

Mihai Dascalu, Stefan Trausan-Matu, Philippe Dessus, Danielle S. McNamara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) gains a broader usage in multiple educational scenarios facilitated by the use of technology, the need for automated tools capable of detecting and stimulating collaboration increases. We propose a computational model using ReaderBench that assesses collaboration from a dialogical perspective. Accordingly, collaboration emerges from the inter-twining of different points of view or, more specifically, from the inter-animation of voices pertaining to different speakers. Collaboration is determined from the intertwining or overlap of voices emitted by different participants throughout the ongoing conversation. This study presents a validation of this model consisting of a comparison between the output of our system and human evaluations of 10 chat conversations, selected from a corpus of more than 100 chats, in which Computer Science students debated on the advantages and disadvantages of CSCL technologies (e.g., chat, blog, wiki, forum, or Google Wave). The human evaluations of the degree of collaboration between the participants and the automated scores showed good overlap as measured by precision, recall, and F1 scores. Our overarching conclusion is that dialogism derived from the overlapping of voices can be perceived as a signature for collaboration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExploring the Material Conditions of Learning
Subtitle of host publicationComputer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings
EditorsOskar Lindwall, Paivi Hakkinen, Timothy Koschmann, Pierre Tchounikine, Sten Ludvigsen
PublisherInternational Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS)
Pages86-93
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780990355069
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning: Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning, CSCL 2015 - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: Jun 7 2015Jun 11 2015

Publication series

NameComputer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL
Volume1
ISSN (Print)1573-4552

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning: Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning, CSCL 2015
CountrySweden
CityGothenburg
Period6/7/156/11/15

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Keywords

  • Cohesion
  • Collaboration assessment
  • CSCL
  • Dialogism
  • Voice inter-animation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Education

Cite this

Dascalu, M., Trausan-Matu, S., Dessus, P., & McNamara, D. S. (2015). Dialogism: A framework for CSCL and a signature of collaboration. In O. Lindwall, P. Hakkinen, T. Koschmann, P. Tchounikine, & S. Ludvigsen (Eds.), Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings (pp. 86-93). (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL; Vol. 1). International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS).

Dialogism : A framework for CSCL and a signature of collaboration. / Dascalu, Mihai; Trausan-Matu, Stefan; Dessus, Philippe; McNamara, Danielle S.

Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings. ed. / Oskar Lindwall; Paivi Hakkinen; Timothy Koschmann; Pierre Tchounikine; Sten Ludvigsen. International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS), 2015. p. 86-93 (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Dascalu, M, Trausan-Matu, S, Dessus, P & McNamara, DS 2015, Dialogism: A framework for CSCL and a signature of collaboration. in O Lindwall, P Hakkinen, T Koschmann, P Tchounikine & S Ludvigsen (eds), Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL, vol. 1, International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS), pp. 86-93, 11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning: Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning, CSCL 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden, 6/7/15.
Dascalu M, Trausan-Matu S, Dessus P, McNamara DS. Dialogism: A framework for CSCL and a signature of collaboration. In Lindwall O, Hakkinen P, Koschmann T, Tchounikine P, Ludvigsen S, editors, Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings. International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS). 2015. p. 86-93. (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL).
Dascalu, Mihai ; Trausan-Matu, Stefan ; Dessus, Philippe ; McNamara, Danielle S. / Dialogism : A framework for CSCL and a signature of collaboration. Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings. editor / Oskar Lindwall ; Paivi Hakkinen ; Timothy Koschmann ; Pierre Tchounikine ; Sten Ludvigsen. International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS), 2015. pp. 86-93 (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL).
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