Developmental Trajectories of Interpersonal Callousness From Childhood to Adolescence as Predictors ofAntisocial Behavior and Psychopathic Features in Young Adulthood

Meagan Docherty, Jordan Beardslee, Amy L. Byrd, Vevette J.H. Yang, Dustin Pardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although previous research has established a link between early interpersonal callousness (IC) from childhood to adolescence and later antisocial behavior and psychopathic features, the majority of these studies assess more proximal outcomes (e.g., assessed in adolescence). Thus, it is unclear whether youth with early-onset chronic levels of IC will continue to have negative outcomes into adulthood (i.e., roughly 14 years after IC was assessed). The current study used data from the youngest cohort (N = 503) of the Pittsburgh Youth Study to examine how latent classes of youth with different developmental patterns of IC across a 7-year period (~ages 8 to 15) differed in their official records of juvenile (~ages 16-17) and young adult (~ages 18-31) offending, as well as self-reported psychopathic features and aggression in young adulthood (~age 29). Results indicated that after adjusting for race, early offending, and externalizing behaviors in adolescence, youth with an early-onset chronic pattern of IC had substantially elevated risk for a serious and persistent pattern of offending, particularly violent offending. However, once these covariates were included, IC class no longer significantly predicted psychopathic features in adulthood. Thus, it is possible that the stability from early patterns of IC to adult psychopathic features may have previously been overstated. Future work could examine whether interventions to reduce IC in childhood and adolescence could successfully result in improved outcomes into adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Aggression
Young Adult
Research

Keywords

  • Interpersonal callousness
  • Latent class analysis
  • Offending
  • Psychopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

@article{f548212220d141608c4c5b86ebdb13b7,
title = "Developmental Trajectories of Interpersonal Callousness From Childhood to Adolescence as Predictors ofAntisocial Behavior and Psychopathic Features in Young Adulthood",
abstract = "Although previous research has established a link between early interpersonal callousness (IC) from childhood to adolescence and later antisocial behavior and psychopathic features, the majority of these studies assess more proximal outcomes (e.g., assessed in adolescence). Thus, it is unclear whether youth with early-onset chronic levels of IC will continue to have negative outcomes into adulthood (i.e., roughly 14 years after IC was assessed). The current study used data from the youngest cohort (N = 503) of the Pittsburgh Youth Study to examine how latent classes of youth with different developmental patterns of IC across a 7-year period (~ages 8 to 15) differed in their official records of juvenile (~ages 16-17) and young adult (~ages 18-31) offending, as well as self-reported psychopathic features and aggression in young adulthood (~age 29). Results indicated that after adjusting for race, early offending, and externalizing behaviors in adolescence, youth with an early-onset chronic pattern of IC had substantially elevated risk for a serious and persistent pattern of offending, particularly violent offending. However, once these covariates were included, IC class no longer significantly predicted psychopathic features in adulthood. Thus, it is possible that the stability from early patterns of IC to adult psychopathic features may have previously been overstated. Future work could examine whether interventions to reduce IC in childhood and adolescence could successfully result in improved outcomes into adulthood.",
keywords = "Interpersonal callousness, Latent class analysis, Offending, Psychopathy",
author = "Meagan Docherty and Jordan Beardslee and Byrd, {Amy L.} and Yang, {Vevette J.H.} and Dustin Pardini",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/abn0000449",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Psychology",
issn = "0021-843X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Developmental Trajectories of Interpersonal Callousness From Childhood to Adolescence as Predictors ofAntisocial Behavior and Psychopathic Features in Young Adulthood

AU - Docherty, Meagan

AU - Beardslee, Jordan

AU - Byrd, Amy L.

AU - Yang, Vevette J.H.

AU - Pardini, Dustin

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Although previous research has established a link between early interpersonal callousness (IC) from childhood to adolescence and later antisocial behavior and psychopathic features, the majority of these studies assess more proximal outcomes (e.g., assessed in adolescence). Thus, it is unclear whether youth with early-onset chronic levels of IC will continue to have negative outcomes into adulthood (i.e., roughly 14 years after IC was assessed). The current study used data from the youngest cohort (N = 503) of the Pittsburgh Youth Study to examine how latent classes of youth with different developmental patterns of IC across a 7-year period (~ages 8 to 15) differed in their official records of juvenile (~ages 16-17) and young adult (~ages 18-31) offending, as well as self-reported psychopathic features and aggression in young adulthood (~age 29). Results indicated that after adjusting for race, early offending, and externalizing behaviors in adolescence, youth with an early-onset chronic pattern of IC had substantially elevated risk for a serious and persistent pattern of offending, particularly violent offending. However, once these covariates were included, IC class no longer significantly predicted psychopathic features in adulthood. Thus, it is possible that the stability from early patterns of IC to adult psychopathic features may have previously been overstated. Future work could examine whether interventions to reduce IC in childhood and adolescence could successfully result in improved outcomes into adulthood.

AB - Although previous research has established a link between early interpersonal callousness (IC) from childhood to adolescence and later antisocial behavior and psychopathic features, the majority of these studies assess more proximal outcomes (e.g., assessed in adolescence). Thus, it is unclear whether youth with early-onset chronic levels of IC will continue to have negative outcomes into adulthood (i.e., roughly 14 years after IC was assessed). The current study used data from the youngest cohort (N = 503) of the Pittsburgh Youth Study to examine how latent classes of youth with different developmental patterns of IC across a 7-year period (~ages 8 to 15) differed in their official records of juvenile (~ages 16-17) and young adult (~ages 18-31) offending, as well as self-reported psychopathic features and aggression in young adulthood (~age 29). Results indicated that after adjusting for race, early offending, and externalizing behaviors in adolescence, youth with an early-onset chronic pattern of IC had substantially elevated risk for a serious and persistent pattern of offending, particularly violent offending. However, once these covariates were included, IC class no longer significantly predicted psychopathic features in adulthood. Thus, it is possible that the stability from early patterns of IC to adult psychopathic features may have previously been overstated. Future work could examine whether interventions to reduce IC in childhood and adolescence could successfully result in improved outcomes into adulthood.

KW - Interpersonal callousness

KW - Latent class analysis

KW - Offending

KW - Psychopathy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069850575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069850575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/abn0000449

DO - 10.1037/abn0000449

M3 - Article

C2 - 31318243

AN - SCOPUS:85069850575

JO - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

SN - 0021-843X

ER -