Developmental Models of Depression, Externalizing Problems, and Self-regulatory Processes: Integrated Data Analysis Across Four Longitudinal Studies of Youth

Kelsey E. Magee, Arin Connell, Alison E. Hipwell, Daniel Shaw, Erika Westling, Kate Keenan, Elizabeth Stormshak, Thao Ha, Stephanie Stepp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Integrative data analysis (IDA) was used to derive developmental models of depression, externalizing problems, and self-regulatory processes in three prevention trials of the Family Check-Up and one longitudinal, community-based study of girls over a 10-year span covering early to late adolescence (N = 4,773; 74.9% female, 41.7% white). We used moderated nonlinear factor analysis to create harmonized scores based on all available items for a given participant in the pooled dataset while accounting for potential differences in both the latent factor and the individual items as a function of observed covariates. We also conducted latent growth model analyses to examine developmental trajectories of risk. Results indicated a bidirectional relationship between depression and externalizing problems, with greater baseline externalizing problems and depression predicting growth in inhibitory control difficulties. Furthermore, initial level of inhibitory control difficulties was associated with growth in depression. We did not, however, find a relationship between early inhibitory control difficulties and growth in externalizing problems. This work illustrates the utility of IDA techniques to harmonize data across multiple studies to identify risk factors for the development of depression and externalizing problems that can be targeted by prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPrevention Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Developmental models
  • Externalizing
  • Inhibitory control
  • Integrated data analysis (IDA)
  • Moderated nonlinear factor analysis (MNLFA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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