Developmental analysis of the effects of reward on selected Wechsler subscales.

J. D. Moran, J. C. McCullers, Richard Fabes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors recently proposed that adverse effects of material rewards on Wechsler subscale performance may be the result of a reward-produced developmental regression. The present study further explores that idea through an attempt to replicate earlier findings with adults and to extend the inquiry to children. Selected Wechsler subscales were administered to 32 subjects at each of three ages (5, 10, and 18 years) under either reward or nonreward conditions. Subscales were chosen to represent both algorithmic and heuristic types of tasks. Reward and nonreward groups (8 males and 8 females per group at each age) were matched initially on age and ability. For adults, consistent with earlier findings, reward had an adverse effect on performance on the heuristic subscales and tended to facilitate performance on the algorithmic subscales. However, rewards generally had no effect at the fourth-grade level and had a reverse effect at the nursery school level, i.e., rewards facilitated heuristic and hampered algorithmic performance. These findings appear to be more consistent with an explanation based on developmental regression than on any available alternative mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalThe American journal of psychology
Volume97
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reward
Nursery Schools
Aptitude
Heuristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Developmental analysis of the effects of reward on selected Wechsler subscales. / Moran, J. D.; McCullers, J. C.; Fabes, Richard.

In: The American journal of psychology, Vol. 97, No. 2, 06.1984, p. 205-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c4e3ac08dee246e193a7a5edde4cba26,
title = "Developmental analysis of the effects of reward on selected Wechsler subscales.",
abstract = "The authors recently proposed that adverse effects of material rewards on Wechsler subscale performance may be the result of a reward-produced developmental regression. The present study further explores that idea through an attempt to replicate earlier findings with adults and to extend the inquiry to children. Selected Wechsler subscales were administered to 32 subjects at each of three ages (5, 10, and 18 years) under either reward or nonreward conditions. Subscales were chosen to represent both algorithmic and heuristic types of tasks. Reward and nonreward groups (8 males and 8 females per group at each age) were matched initially on age and ability. For adults, consistent with earlier findings, reward had an adverse effect on performance on the heuristic subscales and tended to facilitate performance on the algorithmic subscales. However, rewards generally had no effect at the fourth-grade level and had a reverse effect at the nursery school level, i.e., rewards facilitated heuristic and hampered algorithmic performance. These findings appear to be more consistent with an explanation based on developmental regression than on any available alternative mechanism.",
author = "Moran, {J. D.} and McCullers, {J. C.} and Richard Fabes",
year = "1984",
month = "6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "97",
pages = "205--214",
journal = "American Journal of Psychology",
issn = "0002-9556",
publisher = "University of Illinois Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Developmental analysis of the effects of reward on selected Wechsler subscales.

AU - Moran, J. D.

AU - McCullers, J. C.

AU - Fabes, Richard

PY - 1984/6

Y1 - 1984/6

N2 - The authors recently proposed that adverse effects of material rewards on Wechsler subscale performance may be the result of a reward-produced developmental regression. The present study further explores that idea through an attempt to replicate earlier findings with adults and to extend the inquiry to children. Selected Wechsler subscales were administered to 32 subjects at each of three ages (5, 10, and 18 years) under either reward or nonreward conditions. Subscales were chosen to represent both algorithmic and heuristic types of tasks. Reward and nonreward groups (8 males and 8 females per group at each age) were matched initially on age and ability. For adults, consistent with earlier findings, reward had an adverse effect on performance on the heuristic subscales and tended to facilitate performance on the algorithmic subscales. However, rewards generally had no effect at the fourth-grade level and had a reverse effect at the nursery school level, i.e., rewards facilitated heuristic and hampered algorithmic performance. These findings appear to be more consistent with an explanation based on developmental regression than on any available alternative mechanism.

AB - The authors recently proposed that adverse effects of material rewards on Wechsler subscale performance may be the result of a reward-produced developmental regression. The present study further explores that idea through an attempt to replicate earlier findings with adults and to extend the inquiry to children. Selected Wechsler subscales were administered to 32 subjects at each of three ages (5, 10, and 18 years) under either reward or nonreward conditions. Subscales were chosen to represent both algorithmic and heuristic types of tasks. Reward and nonreward groups (8 males and 8 females per group at each age) were matched initially on age and ability. For adults, consistent with earlier findings, reward had an adverse effect on performance on the heuristic subscales and tended to facilitate performance on the algorithmic subscales. However, rewards generally had no effect at the fourth-grade level and had a reverse effect at the nursery school level, i.e., rewards facilitated heuristic and hampered algorithmic performance. These findings appear to be more consistent with an explanation based on developmental regression than on any available alternative mechanism.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021450999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021450999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 97

SP - 205

EP - 214

JO - American Journal of Psychology

JF - American Journal of Psychology

SN - 0002-9556

IS - 2

ER -