Development of a zero-dimensional mesoscale thermal model for urban climate

Humberto R. Silva, Rahul Bhardwa, Patrick Phelan, Jay S. Golden, Susanne Grossman-Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple energy balance model is created for use in developing mitigation strategies for the urban heat island effect. The model is initially applied to the city of Phoenix, Arizona. There are six primary contributions to the overall energy balance: incident solar radiation, anthropogenic heat input, conduction heat loss, outgoing evapotranspiration, outgoing convection, and outgoing emitted radiation. Meteorological data are input to the model, which then computes an urban characteristic temperature at a calculated time step for a specified time range. The model temperature is shown to have the same periodic behavior as the experimentally measured air temperatures. Predicted temperature changes, caused by increasing the average urban albedo, agree within 0.1°C with comparable maximum surface temperature predictions from the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5). The present model, while maintaining valid energy-balance physics, allows users to quickly and easily predict the relative effects of urban heat island mitigation measures. Representative mitigation strategies, namely changes in average albedo and long-wavelength emissivity are presented here. Increasing the albedo leads to the greater reduction in daytime maximum temperatures; increasing the emissivity leads to a greater reduction in nighttime minimum temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-668
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

urban climate
energy balance
albedo
heat island
emissivity
temperature
mitigation
evapotranspiration
solar radiation
surface temperature
physics
air temperature
convection
wavelength
prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Development of a zero-dimensional mesoscale thermal model for urban climate. / Silva, Humberto R.; Bhardwa, Rahul; Phelan, Patrick; Golden, Jay S.; Grossman-Clarke, Susanne.

In: Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2009, p. 657-668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silva, Humberto R. ; Bhardwa, Rahul ; Phelan, Patrick ; Golden, Jay S. ; Grossman-Clarke, Susanne. / Development of a zero-dimensional mesoscale thermal model for urban climate. In: Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 2009 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 657-668.
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