Development of a novel shoulder exoskeleton using parallel actuation and slip

Justin Hunt, Panagiotis Artemiadis, Hyunglae Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a 5 degree-of-freedom (DoF) low inertia shoulder exoskeleton that was developed using two novel technologies with a broad range of application. The first novelty is a 3-DoF spherical parallel manipulator (SPM) that uses three linear actuators. Each actuator is designed using a method of motion coupling such that the pitch and linear stroke DoF are dependent. By using an SPM, this shoulder exoskeleton takes advantage of the inherent low effective inertia property of parallel architecture. The second novelty is a 2-DoF passive slip mechanism that couples the user's upper arm to the SPM. This slip mechanism increases system mobility and prevents joint misalignment caused by the translational motion of the user's glenohumeral joint from introducing mechanical interference that could affect the device's kinematic solution or harm the user. An experiment to validate the kinematics of the SPM was performed using motion capture. A computational slip model was created to quantify the slip mechanism's response for different conditions of joint misalignment. In addition to offering a low inertia solution for the rehabilitation or augmentation of the human shoulder, the presented device demonstrates the technologies of actuator motion coupling and passive slip for use in exoskeletal systems. The use of motion coupling could be applied to other types of parallel actuated architectures in order to constrain the kinematics or improve stiffness characteristics. Passive slip mechanisms could have application in either serial or parallel actuated systems as a means of negating the adverse effects of joint misalignment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Control Design Methods, Nonlinear and Optimal Control, Robotics, and Wind Energy Systems; Aerospace Applications; Assistive and Rehabilitation Robotics; Assistive Robotics; Battery and Oil and Gas Systems; Bioengineering Applications; Biomedical and Neural Systems Modeling, Diagnostics and Healthcare; Control and Monitoring of Vibratory Systems; Diagnostics and Detection; Energy Harvesting; Estimation and Identification; Fuel Cells/Energy Storage; Intelligent Transportation
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850695
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016 - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: Oct 12 2016Oct 14 2016

Other

OtherASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis
Period10/12/1610/14/16

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Hunt, J., Artemiadis, P., & Lee, H. (2016). Development of a novel shoulder exoskeleton using parallel actuation and slip. In Advances in Control Design Methods, Nonlinear and Optimal Control, Robotics, and Wind Energy Systems; Aerospace Applications; Assistive and Rehabilitation Robotics; Assistive Robotics; Battery and Oil and Gas Systems; Bioengineering Applications; Biomedical and Neural Systems Modeling, Diagnostics and Healthcare; Control and Monitoring of Vibratory Systems; Diagnostics and Detection; Energy Harvesting; Estimation and Identification; Fuel Cells/Energy Storage; Intelligent Transportation (Vol. 1). American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2016-9894