Development and implementation of HVAC-KBCD: A knowledge-based expert system for conceptual design of HVAC&R systems - Part 2: Application to office buildings

Itzhak H. Maor, Chanin Panjapornpon, T Agami Reddy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


A previous paper articulated the current problems faced by HVAC&R professionals involved in the conceptual design process and proposed a solution based on a knowledge-based expert system (KBES) approach, which can automatically synthesize all the feasible secondary and primary systems that can then be evaluated using currently available hourly building energy simulation programs. The previous paper described the general framework of such a KBES module called HVAC-KBCD. The module consists of(1) static knowledge (based on heuristics, design practice, and standards) containing assembly and application rules needed to prune or shrink the solution space of all feasible secondary and primary systems and (2) dynamic knowledge containing initiation and matching rules to provide a guided search and further shrink the solution space by imposing restrictions of how to combine secondary systems among themselves (since the building has several zones) and with primary systems. These capabilities, along with specially developed models for first and maintenance costs, have been programmed into a commercial KBES shell. This paper describes the type of knowledge specific to office buildings that needs to be coded into the HVAC-KBCD module and illustrates its capabilities when applied to a case study example. The case study serves to illustrate the relative ease and thoroughness with which this design assistant can generate and evaluate a large number of HVAC&R system design alternatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASHRAE Transactions
Number of pages16
Volume110 PART 1
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
EventASHRAE Transactions - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 25 2004Jan 25 2004


OtherASHRAE Transactions
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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