Development and evaluation of surface treatments to enhance the fiber‐matrix adhesion in PAN‐based carbon fiber/liquid crystal polymer composites. Part I: Coupling agent and amine surface treatments

Julia A. King, Daniel A. Buttry, Donald F. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several surface treatments, using both commercially available coupling agents and reagents containing multiple amines, were applied to commingled continuous as‐received AS4 carbon reinforcing fiber/liquid crystal polymer (LCP) matrix fibers. Unidirectional composites (normally 60 vol% carbon fiber) were prepared from as‐received and treated commingled fibers and characterized. To estimate the effect the effect of the treatments on fiber‐matrix adhesion, short beam shear (SBS) tests were conducted, the failure surfaces were examined, and spectroscopic studies wee performed. The mean SBS strength of the as‐received unidirectional AS4 carbon fiber/LCP matrix composite system was 49 MPa. The best coupling agent and amine treatments yielded increases in composite shear strength of ∼ 10 to 20%, relative to the as‐received AS4/LCP system. For the amine treatments, ESCA and FTIR analyses suggested of both the carbon and LCP fibers may have caused the increased adhesion. Moreover, SEM analysis of the failure surfaces of SBS specimens from composites prepared with the treated fibers may have caused the increased adhesion. Moreover, SEM analysis of the failure surfaces of SBS specimens from composites prepared with the treated fibers (both with coupling agents and amines) showed that strong fiber‐matrix adhesion was present. That is, failure occurred in the LCP matrix material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-300
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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