Developing and testing a model of survivor responses to layoffs

Jeanette A. Davy, Angelo J. Kinicki, Christine L. Scheck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A model of survivor responses to layoffs is developed and tested. Perceptions of global process control, perceived fairness of the layoff, and job security are tested as predictors of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and behavioral intentions to withdraw. The empirical assessment of a complete latent variable model with covariance structure analyses supported both the measurement and the structural models. Global process control is shown to be a direct antecedent of perceived fairness of the layoff and job satisfaction. Perceived fairness of the layoff and job security also have direct effects on job satisfaction. Job satisfaction acts as a mediating variable between these variables and organizational commitment. Organizational commitment, in turn, has a direct negative effect on behavioral intentions to withdraw. These findings suggest that witnessing a layoff has significant effects on psychological and behavioral responses of layoff survivors. Direction for future research is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-317
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

layoffs
Job Satisfaction
job satisfaction
fairness
job security
control process
commitment
Structural Models
structural model
Psychology
Survivors
Testing
Job satisfaction
Layoffs
Organizational commitment
Perceived fairness
Behavioral intention
Job security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Developing and testing a model of survivor responses to layoffs. / Davy, Jeanette A.; Kinicki, Angelo J.; Scheck, Christine L.

In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 38, No. 3, 1991, p. 302-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davy, Jeanette A. ; Kinicki, Angelo J. ; Scheck, Christine L. / Developing and testing a model of survivor responses to layoffs. In: Journal of Vocational Behavior. 1991 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 302-317.
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