Developing a Model to Address African Americans' Spiritual Needs During Hospitalization

David Hodge, Robin Bonifas, Fei Sun, Robert J. Wolosin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Research suggests that African Americans are disproportionately likely to have their spiritual needs ignored in hospitals. To help address this disparity, the present study developed and tested a model for addressing the spiritual needs of hospitalized African Americans. Structural equation modeling was used with a sample of older African American inpatients (N = 2,217) consecutively discharged over a 12-month period from hospitals from four geographic regions. As hypothesized, addressing spiritual needs had a positive effect on overall satisfaction with service provision. The relationship between spiritual needs and satisfaction was fully mediated by five variables: nursing, the discharge process, physicians, visitors, and room quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-405
Number of pages20
JournalClinical Gerontologist
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2014


  • African Americans
  • hospitals
  • religion
  • spiritual needs
  • spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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