Determining olivine composition of basaltic dunes in Gale Crater, Mars, from orbit: Awaiting ground truth from Curiosity

Melissa D. Lane, Philip Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The successful landing of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover in Gale Crater, Mars, presents a rare opportunity for validation of a spectral index developed for determining olivine chemistry from orbital midinfrared remote-sensing data. Here, a spectral index is developed using laboratory emissivity data of 13 synthetic Mg-Fe olivines. Utilizing this spectral index, a prediction of olivine composition (~Fo55 ± 5) is made from orbital data for a NE-SW trending dune field near the Curiosity rover. This dune field will be crossed during the mission as the rover travels toward a ~5 km-high sediment stack (Mount Sharp) that contains orbitally detected clays and sulfates. Curiosity can use its instrument suite (ChemMin, Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer, ChemCam) when it reaches the dunes to verify or refute the olivine-chemistry prediction presented here. The ability to validate the developed spectral index using the rover's ground-truth instruments will strengthen olivine-chemistry mapping across the Martian surface using this spectral index.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3517-3521
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume40
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 28 2013

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Mars craters
dunes
ground truth
olivine
crater
dune
Mars
orbits
dune field
chemistry
orbitals
landing
prediction
predictions
emissivity
travel
clays
alpha particles
remote sensing
sulfates

Keywords

  • Curiosity
  • dunes
  • Gale Crater
  • Mars
  • Mars Science Laboratory
  • olivine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Determining olivine composition of basaltic dunes in Gale Crater, Mars, from orbit : Awaiting ground truth from Curiosity. / Lane, Melissa D.; Christensen, Philip.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, No. 14, 28.07.2013, p. 3517-3521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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