Determination of the magnetic contribution to the heat capacity of cobalt oxide nanoparticles and the thermodynamic properties of the hydration layers

E. C. Spencer, N. L. Ross, S. F. Parker, B. F. Woodfield, J. Boerio-Goates, S. J. Smith, R. E. Olsen, A. I. Kolesnikov, A. Navrotsky, C. Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present low temperature (11K) inelastic neutron scattering (INS) data on four hydrated nanoparticle systems: 10nm CoO0.10H2O (1), 16nm Co3O40.40H2O (2), 25nm Co3O 40.30H2O (3) and 40nm Co3O40. 026H2O (4). The vibrational densities of states were obtained for all samples and from these the isochoric heat capacity and vibrational energy for the hydration layers confined to the surfaces of these nanoparticle systems have been elucidated. The results show that water on the surface of CoO nanoparticles is more tightly bound than water confined to the surface of Co3O4, and this is reflected in the reduced heat capacity and vibrational entropy for water on CoO relative to water on Co 3O4 nanoparticles. This supports the trend, seen previously, for water to be more tightly bound in materials with higher surface energies. The INS spectra for the antiferromagnetic Co3O4 particles (2-4) also show sharp and intense magnetic excitation peaks at 5meV, and from this the magnetic contribution to the heat capacity of Co 3O4 nanoparticles has been calculated; this represents the first example of use of INS data for determining the magnetic contribution to the heat capacity of any magnetic nanoparticle system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number205303
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume23
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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