Detection of strong millimeter emission from the circumstellar dust disk around V1094 Sco

Cold and massive disk around a T Tauri star in a quiescent accretion phase?

Takashi Tsukagoshi, Masao Saito, Yoshimi Kitamura, Munetake Momose, Yoshito Shimajiri, Masaaki Hiramatsu, Norio Ikeda, Kazuhisa Kamegai, Grant Wilson, Min S. Yun, Kimberly Scott, Jason Austermann, Thushara Perera, David Hughes, Itziar Aretxaga, Philip Mauskopf, Hajime Ezawa, Kotaro Kohno, Ryohei Kawabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the discovery of a cold massive dust disk around the T Tauri star V1094 Sco in the Lupus molecular cloud from the 1.1 mm continuum observations with AzTEC on ASTE. A compact (r ≲ 320 AU) continuum emission coincides with the stellar position having a flux density of 272 mJy, which is the largest among T Tauri stars in Lupus. We also present the detection of molecular gas associated with the star in the five-point observations in 12CO J = 3-2 and 13CO J = 3-2. Since our 12CO and 13CO observations did not show any signature of a large-scale outflow or a massive envelope, the compact dust emission is likely to come from a disk around the star. The observed spectral energy distribution (SED) of V1094 Sco shows no distinct turnover from near-infrared to millimeter wavelengths, can be well described by a flattened disk for the dust component, and no clear dip feature around 10 μm suggestive of the absence of an inner hole in the disk. We fit a simple power-law disk model to the observed SED. The estimated disk mass ranges from 0.03 M to ≳0.12 M, which is one or two orders of magnitude larger than the median disk mass of T Tauri stars in Taurus. The resultant temperature is lower than that of a flared disk with well-mixed dust in hydrostatic equilibrium and is probably attributed to the flattened disk geometry for the dust which the central star cannot illuminate efficiently. From these results, together with the fact that there is no signature of an inner hole in the SED, we suggest that the dust grains in the disk around V1094 Sco sank into the midplane with grain growth by coalescence and are in the evolutional stage just prior to or at the formation of planetesimals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume726
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

T Tauri stars
dust
accretion
spectral energy distribution
energy
planetesimal
stars
coalescence
hydrostatics
signatures
cold
detection
dip
near infrared
turnover
continuums
power law
outflow
protoplanets
wavelength

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: individual (V1094 Sco)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Detection of strong millimeter emission from the circumstellar dust disk around V1094 Sco : Cold and massive disk around a T Tauri star in a quiescent accretion phase? / Tsukagoshi, Takashi; Saito, Masao; Kitamura, Yoshimi; Momose, Munetake; Shimajiri, Yoshito; Hiramatsu, Masaaki; Ikeda, Norio; Kamegai, Kazuhisa; Wilson, Grant; Yun, Min S.; Scott, Kimberly; Austermann, Jason; Perera, Thushara; Hughes, David; Aretxaga, Itziar; Mauskopf, Philip; Ezawa, Hajime; Kohno, Kotaro; Kawabe, Ryohei.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 726, No. 1, 01.01.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsukagoshi, T, Saito, M, Kitamura, Y, Momose, M, Shimajiri, Y, Hiramatsu, M, Ikeda, N, Kamegai, K, Wilson, G, Yun, MS, Scott, K, Austermann, J, Perera, T, Hughes, D, Aretxaga, I, Mauskopf, P, Ezawa, H, Kohno, K & Kawabe, R 2011, 'Detection of strong millimeter emission from the circumstellar dust disk around V1094 Sco: Cold and massive disk around a T Tauri star in a quiescent accretion phase?', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 726, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/726/1/45
Tsukagoshi, Takashi ; Saito, Masao ; Kitamura, Yoshimi ; Momose, Munetake ; Shimajiri, Yoshito ; Hiramatsu, Masaaki ; Ikeda, Norio ; Kamegai, Kazuhisa ; Wilson, Grant ; Yun, Min S. ; Scott, Kimberly ; Austermann, Jason ; Perera, Thushara ; Hughes, David ; Aretxaga, Itziar ; Mauskopf, Philip ; Ezawa, Hajime ; Kohno, Kotaro ; Kawabe, Ryohei. / Detection of strong millimeter emission from the circumstellar dust disk around V1094 Sco : Cold and massive disk around a T Tauri star in a quiescent accretion phase?. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 726, No. 1.
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abstract = "We present the discovery of a cold massive dust disk around the T Tauri star V1094 Sco in the Lupus molecular cloud from the 1.1 mm continuum observations with AzTEC on ASTE. A compact (r ≲ 320 AU) continuum emission coincides with the stellar position having a flux density of 272 mJy, which is the largest among T Tauri stars in Lupus. We also present the detection of molecular gas associated with the star in the five-point observations in 12CO J = 3-2 and 13CO J = 3-2. Since our 12CO and 13CO observations did not show any signature of a large-scale outflow or a massive envelope, the compact dust emission is likely to come from a disk around the star. The observed spectral energy distribution (SED) of V1094 Sco shows no distinct turnover from near-infrared to millimeter wavelengths, can be well described by a flattened disk for the dust component, and no clear dip feature around 10 μm suggestive of the absence of an inner hole in the disk. We fit a simple power-law disk model to the observed SED. The estimated disk mass ranges from 0.03 M⊙ to ≳0.12 M⊙, which is one or two orders of magnitude larger than the median disk mass of T Tauri stars in Taurus. The resultant temperature is lower than that of a flared disk with well-mixed dust in hydrostatic equilibrium and is probably attributed to the flattened disk geometry for the dust which the central star cannot illuminate efficiently. From these results, together with the fact that there is no signature of an inner hole in the SED, we suggest that the dust grains in the disk around V1094 Sco sank into the midplane with grain growth by coalescence and are in the evolutional stage just prior to or at the formation of planetesimals.",
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AU - Kitamura, Yoshimi

AU - Momose, Munetake

AU - Shimajiri, Yoshito

AU - Hiramatsu, Masaaki

AU - Ikeda, Norio

AU - Kamegai, Kazuhisa

AU - Wilson, Grant

AU - Yun, Min S.

AU - Scott, Kimberly

AU - Austermann, Jason

AU - Perera, Thushara

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