Detection of a small-scale cosmic microwave background decrement at 3.6 cm

E. A. Richards, E. B. Fomalont, K. I. Kellermann, R. B. Partridge, Rogier Windhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report the detection of a feature with negative radio flux density in a sensitive, low resolution observation with the VLA. This morphologically peculiar feature is approximately 30″ x 65″ in size with a peak central amplitude of about -0.25 mK below the brightness temperature of the background sky at 3.6 cm. Within about one arcminute of this microwave decrement, we also found two radio quiet quasars, both at z = 2.561, with a projected physical separation of about 1 Mpc (q0 = 0.5, H0= 50 km/s/Mpc), suggestive of a possible galaxy cluster at high redshift in the region. We are unable to account for this negative source by systematic phase fluctuations within our observations, sidelobe artifacts, or instrumental noise. We discuss possible physical origins of this microwave source, in particular the inverse-Compton scattering of the cosmic microwave background by hot gas in a distant cluster of galaxies, and the implications for models of large-scale structure formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1475-1482
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume113
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1997

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microwaves
radio
galaxies
sidelobes
brightness temperature
high temperature gases
quasars
artifact
sky
artifacts
flux density
scattering
gas
detection
microwave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Richards, E. A., Fomalont, E. B., Kellermann, K. I., Partridge, R. B., & Windhorst, R. (1997). Detection of a small-scale cosmic microwave background decrement at 3.6 cm. Astronomical Journal, 113(5), 1475-1482.

Detection of a small-scale cosmic microwave background decrement at 3.6 cm. / Richards, E. A.; Fomalont, E. B.; Kellermann, K. I.; Partridge, R. B.; Windhorst, Rogier.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 113, No. 5, 05.1997, p. 1475-1482.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Richards, EA, Fomalont, EB, Kellermann, KI, Partridge, RB & Windhorst, R 1997, 'Detection of a small-scale cosmic microwave background decrement at 3.6 cm', Astronomical Journal, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. 1475-1482.
Richards EA, Fomalont EB, Kellermann KI, Partridge RB, Windhorst R. Detection of a small-scale cosmic microwave background decrement at 3.6 cm. Astronomical Journal. 1997 May;113(5):1475-1482.
Richards, E. A. ; Fomalont, E. B. ; Kellermann, K. I. ; Partridge, R. B. ; Windhorst, Rogier. / Detection of a small-scale cosmic microwave background decrement at 3.6 cm. In: Astronomical Journal. 1997 ; Vol. 113, No. 5. pp. 1475-1482.
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