Designing ECG-based physical unclonable function for security of wearable devices

Shihui Yin, Chisung Bae, Sang Joon Kim, Jae-sun Seo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a plethora of wearable devices are being introduced, significant concerns exist on the privacy and security of personal data stored on these devices. Expanding on recent works of using electrocardiogram (ECG) as a modality for biometric authentication, in this work, we investigate the possibility of using personal ECG signals as the individually unique source for physical unclonable function (PUF), which eventually can be used as the key for encryption and decryption engines. We present new signal processing and machine learning algorithms that learn and extract maximally different ECG features for different individuals and minimally different ECG features for the same individual over time. Experimental results with a large 741-subject in-house ECG database show that the distributions of the intra-subject (same person) Hamming distance of extracted ECG features and the inter-subject Hamming distance have minimal overlap. 256-b random numbers generated from the ECG features of 648 (out of 741) subjects pass the NIST randomness tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationSmarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3509-3512
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028092
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2017
Event39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jul 11 2017Jul 15 2017

Other

Other39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period7/11/177/15/17

Fingerprint

Electrocardiography
Equipment and Supplies
Hamming distance
Biometric Identification
Computer Security
Data privacy
Privacy
Biometrics
Hardware security
Authentication
Learning algorithms
Cryptography
Learning systems
Signal processing
Databases
Engines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Yin, S., Bae, C., Kim, S. J., & Seo, J. (2017). Designing ECG-based physical unclonable function for security of wearable devices. In 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings (pp. 3509-3512). [8037613] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037613

Designing ECG-based physical unclonable function for security of wearable devices. / Yin, Shihui; Bae, Chisung; Kim, Sang Joon; Seo, Jae-sun.

2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. p. 3509-3512 8037613.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yin, S, Bae, C, Kim, SJ & Seo, J 2017, Designing ECG-based physical unclonable function for security of wearable devices. in 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings., 8037613, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 3509-3512, 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017, Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of, 7/11/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037613
Yin S, Bae C, Kim SJ, Seo J. Designing ECG-based physical unclonable function for security of wearable devices. In 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2017. p. 3509-3512. 8037613 https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037613
Yin, Shihui ; Bae, Chisung ; Kim, Sang Joon ; Seo, Jae-sun. / Designing ECG-based physical unclonable function for security of wearable devices. 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. pp. 3509-3512
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