Desalination at low temperatures

An exergy analysis

Veera Gnaneswar Gude, Nagamany Nirmalakhandan, Shuguang Deng, Anand Maganti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A new low-temperature phase-change desalination process has been presented where saline water is desalinated by evaporation at near-ambient temperatures under low pressures. The low pressure is achieved naturally in the head space of water columns of a height equal to the local barometric head. By connecting the head space of such a saline water column to that of a distilled water column, and by maintaining the temperature of the former about 15-20°C above that of the latter, fresh water is evaporated from the saline column and condensed in the distilled water column. This paper presents an exergy analysis of this process to evaluate the thermodynamic efficiency of its major components and to identify suitable operating conditions to minimize exergy destruction. Three different heat sources such as direct solar, photovoltaic energy as well as a low grade heat source were considered. It was found that the major exergy destruction occurs in the condenser where the latent heat of the water vapor is lost to the environment. Exergy performance of individual process components and recommendations to further improve the exergy efficiency of the proposed process are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-281
Number of pages10
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume40
Issue number1-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

exergy
Exergy
Desalination
desalination
water column
Saline water
heat source
low pressure
Water
Temperature
Latent heat
Water vapor
water vapor
Evaporation
evaporation
thermodynamics
temperature
analysis
Thermodynamics
water

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Energy
  • Exergy analysis
  • Exergy destruction
  • Irreversibility
  • Second law of thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

Cite this

Desalination at low temperatures : An exergy analysis. / Gude, Veera Gnaneswar; Nirmalakhandan, Nagamany; Deng, Shuguang; Maganti, Anand.

In: Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 40, No. 1-6, 2012, p. 272-281.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gude, Veera Gnaneswar ; Nirmalakhandan, Nagamany ; Deng, Shuguang ; Maganti, Anand. / Desalination at low temperatures : An exergy analysis. In: Desalination and Water Treatment. 2012 ; Vol. 40, No. 1-6. pp. 272-281.
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