Depressive symptoms over first grade and their response to a developmental epidemiologically based preventive trial aimed at improving achievement

Sheppard G. Kellam, George W. Rebok, Lawrence S. Mayer, Nick Ialongo, Cynthia R. Kalodner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article is about the course of depressive symptoms during a classroom-based randomized preventive field trial aimed at improving reading achievement among first-grade children in an urban population of mixed ethnicity and lower middle to low socioeconomic status. In the fall, children reported high levels of depressive symptoms, a risk factor for major depressive disorder. There was a linear relationship in the fall between depressive symptoms and achievement test scores. Among male children in intervention classrooms whose gain in achievement was at least the national average, depression from fall to spring was decreased, compared to those whose achievement gain was lower. Among female children both in the control and in the intervention classrooms, there was also a significant relationship between gain in achievement and the course of depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-481
Number of pages19
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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