Depressive Symptoms Among Adult Children Aged 55 Years or Older

The Effects of Support Provided to Their Older Parents

Xiang Gao, Qiuju Guo, Fei Sun, David Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This study examines the effects of frequency of visits, monetary, and in-kind support provided to older parents on the depressive symptoms of adult children. Method: This study drew secondary data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Follow-up Questionnaire. A total of 629 older children aged 55 years and older (M = 59.80, standard deviation = 3.90) met the inclusion criteria. The dependent variable—depressive symptoms—was measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Results: Approximately 22% of participants reported clinically significant levels of depressive symptoms. Hierarchical regression analyses found that more frequent visits and monetary support to older parents were related to lower levels of depressive symptoms in older children. Conclusion: Providing monetary support to parents may help mitigate a major concern of parents: health-care costs. Older children’s altruistic behaviors meet legal and cultural expectations in Chinese society, contributing to family intimacy and thereby their own mental health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Adult Children
Parents
Depression
Retirement
Health Care Costs
Longitudinal Studies
Epidemiologic Studies
China
Mental Health
Regression Analysis
Health

Keywords

  • depression
  • elder care
  • frequent visits
  • in-kind support
  • monetary support
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

@article{966ba1769d91465185ecac201b5b6f76,
title = "Depressive Symptoms Among Adult Children Aged 55 Years or Older: The Effects of Support Provided to Their Older Parents",
abstract = "Objectives: This study examines the effects of frequency of visits, monetary, and in-kind support provided to older parents on the depressive symptoms of adult children. Method: This study drew secondary data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Follow-up Questionnaire. A total of 629 older children aged 55 years and older (M = 59.80, standard deviation = 3.90) met the inclusion criteria. The dependent variable—depressive symptoms—was measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Results: Approximately 22{\%} of participants reported clinically significant levels of depressive symptoms. Hierarchical regression analyses found that more frequent visits and monetary support to older parents were related to lower levels of depressive symptoms in older children. Conclusion: Providing monetary support to parents may help mitigate a major concern of parents: health-care costs. Older children’s altruistic behaviors meet legal and cultural expectations in Chinese society, contributing to family intimacy and thereby their own mental health outcomes.",
keywords = "depression, elder care, frequent visits, in-kind support, monetary support, social support",
author = "Xiang Gao and Qiuju Guo and Fei Sun and David Hodge",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0091415018822064",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "International Journal of Aging and Human Development",
issn = "0091-4150",
publisher = "Baywood Publishing Co. Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depressive Symptoms Among Adult Children Aged 55 Years or Older

T2 - The Effects of Support Provided to Their Older Parents

AU - Gao, Xiang

AU - Guo, Qiuju

AU - Sun, Fei

AU - Hodge, David

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objectives: This study examines the effects of frequency of visits, monetary, and in-kind support provided to older parents on the depressive symptoms of adult children. Method: This study drew secondary data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Follow-up Questionnaire. A total of 629 older children aged 55 years and older (M = 59.80, standard deviation = 3.90) met the inclusion criteria. The dependent variable—depressive symptoms—was measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Results: Approximately 22% of participants reported clinically significant levels of depressive symptoms. Hierarchical regression analyses found that more frequent visits and monetary support to older parents were related to lower levels of depressive symptoms in older children. Conclusion: Providing monetary support to parents may help mitigate a major concern of parents: health-care costs. Older children’s altruistic behaviors meet legal and cultural expectations in Chinese society, contributing to family intimacy and thereby their own mental health outcomes.

AB - Objectives: This study examines the effects of frequency of visits, monetary, and in-kind support provided to older parents on the depressive symptoms of adult children. Method: This study drew secondary data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Follow-up Questionnaire. A total of 629 older children aged 55 years and older (M = 59.80, standard deviation = 3.90) met the inclusion criteria. The dependent variable—depressive symptoms—was measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Results: Approximately 22% of participants reported clinically significant levels of depressive symptoms. Hierarchical regression analyses found that more frequent visits and monetary support to older parents were related to lower levels of depressive symptoms in older children. Conclusion: Providing monetary support to parents may help mitigate a major concern of parents: health-care costs. Older children’s altruistic behaviors meet legal and cultural expectations in Chinese society, contributing to family intimacy and thereby their own mental health outcomes.

KW - depression

KW - elder care

KW - frequent visits

KW - in-kind support

KW - monetary support

KW - social support

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059621619&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059621619&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0091415018822064

DO - 10.1177/0091415018822064

M3 - Article

JO - International Journal of Aging and Human Development

JF - International Journal of Aging and Human Development

SN - 0091-4150

ER -