Depression and reactivity to stress in older women with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis

Alex J. Zautra, Bruce W. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the role of depressive symptoms in reactivity to stress and pain in older women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Participants were 188 older women with RA (N = 87) and OA (N = 101). They were initially assessed for depressive symptoms and interviewed weekly for 12 to 20 weeks regarding interpersonal stress, arthritis pain, and negative affect. Results: Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) revealed that depressive symptoms were related to weekly elevations in arthritis pain, negative events, perceived stress, and negative affect for RA respondents and elevations in arthritis pain and negative affect for OA respondents. HLM analyses also indicated that depressive symptoms were related to increased reactivity to perceived stress and arthritis pain in people with RA, but not those with OA. Conclusions: Depression may be related to elevations in pain for people with RA and OA and to elevations in stress and increased reactivity to stress and pain for those with RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-696
Number of pages10
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Depression
  • Pain
  • Stress reactivity
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Depression and reactivity to stress in older women with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this