Depression and anxiety among Asian Americans: The effects of social support and strain

Cindy C. Sangalang, Gilbert C. Gee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is almost taken for granted that social relationships benefit mental health, yet these relationships may not always be protective. This study examines how the support and strains individuals derive from family and friends may be related to depression and anxiety among Asian Americans. Data come from the 2002-2003 National Latino and Asian American Study, the first nationally representative study of mental health outcomes among Asian Americans (n = 2,066). Results indicate that family support was associated with decreased odds of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.) criteria for both major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among men and women. In addition, family strain was associated with increased odds of GAD equally among men and women. However, friend strain was associated with increased odds of GAD among women but not men, and family strain was marginally associated with increased odds of MDD for women but was unrelated for men. The findings affirm the need to consider social strain along with social support, as well as their sources, with attention to the potentially stronger effects of strain for women. Implications for social work practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Work (United States)
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

social support
anxiety
mental health
mental disorder
diagnostic
social work

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Mental health
  • Social strain
  • Social support
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Depression and anxiety among Asian Americans : The effects of social support and strain. / Sangalang, Cindy C.; Gee, Gilbert C.

In: Social Work (United States), Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 49-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sangalang, Cindy C. ; Gee, Gilbert C. / Depression and anxiety among Asian Americans : The effects of social support and strain. In: Social Work (United States). 2012 ; Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 49-60.
@article{0c4bba343b3344e1bb12224aad20ab9d,
title = "Depression and anxiety among Asian Americans: The effects of social support and strain",
abstract = "It is almost taken for granted that social relationships benefit mental health, yet these relationships may not always be protective. This study examines how the support and strains individuals derive from family and friends may be related to depression and anxiety among Asian Americans. Data come from the 2002-2003 National Latino and Asian American Study, the first nationally representative study of mental health outcomes among Asian Americans (n = 2,066). Results indicate that family support was associated with decreased odds of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.) criteria for both major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among men and women. In addition, family strain was associated with increased odds of GAD equally among men and women. However, friend strain was associated with increased odds of GAD among women but not men, and family strain was marginally associated with increased odds of MDD for women but was unrelated for men. The findings affirm the need to consider social strain along with social support, as well as their sources, with attention to the potentially stronger effects of strain for women. Implications for social work practice are discussed.",
keywords = "Asian Americans, Mental health, Social strain, Social support, Women",
author = "Sangalang, {Cindy C.} and Gee, {Gilbert C.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1093/sw/swr005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "57",
pages = "49--60",
journal = "Social Work (United States)",
issn = "0037-8046",
publisher = "National Association of Social Workers",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depression and anxiety among Asian Americans

T2 - The effects of social support and strain

AU - Sangalang, Cindy C.

AU - Gee, Gilbert C.

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - It is almost taken for granted that social relationships benefit mental health, yet these relationships may not always be protective. This study examines how the support and strains individuals derive from family and friends may be related to depression and anxiety among Asian Americans. Data come from the 2002-2003 National Latino and Asian American Study, the first nationally representative study of mental health outcomes among Asian Americans (n = 2,066). Results indicate that family support was associated with decreased odds of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.) criteria for both major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among men and women. In addition, family strain was associated with increased odds of GAD equally among men and women. However, friend strain was associated with increased odds of GAD among women but not men, and family strain was marginally associated with increased odds of MDD for women but was unrelated for men. The findings affirm the need to consider social strain along with social support, as well as their sources, with attention to the potentially stronger effects of strain for women. Implications for social work practice are discussed.

AB - It is almost taken for granted that social relationships benefit mental health, yet these relationships may not always be protective. This study examines how the support and strains individuals derive from family and friends may be related to depression and anxiety among Asian Americans. Data come from the 2002-2003 National Latino and Asian American Study, the first nationally representative study of mental health outcomes among Asian Americans (n = 2,066). Results indicate that family support was associated with decreased odds of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.) criteria for both major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among men and women. In addition, family strain was associated with increased odds of GAD equally among men and women. However, friend strain was associated with increased odds of GAD among women but not men, and family strain was marginally associated with increased odds of MDD for women but was unrelated for men. The findings affirm the need to consider social strain along with social support, as well as their sources, with attention to the potentially stronger effects of strain for women. Implications for social work practice are discussed.

KW - Asian Americans

KW - Mental health

KW - Social strain

KW - Social support

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866907256&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866907256&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/sw/swr005

DO - 10.1093/sw/swr005

M3 - Article

C2 - 22768628

AN - SCOPUS:84866907256

VL - 57

SP - 49

EP - 60

JO - Social Work (United States)

JF - Social Work (United States)

SN - 0037-8046

IS - 1

ER -