Dependency and development in northern Thailand

R. Geoffrey Lacher, Sanjay K. Nepal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Critics of tourism as a tool for development in poor rural regions have frequently used the dependency theory to examine why a destination area remains underdeveloped. Applications of the dependency theory have been largely restricted to international scales; there is a dearth of studies conducted at smaller spatial scales. This study examines leakages of tourism revenues at four villages in Northern Thailand to illustrate the dependent relationship between a city and its rural hinterland. Study results are based on a survey of 43 small businesses and 40 interviews. Results indicate significant proportion of leakages of village revenues, between 15 and 61%, depending on several factors and strategies adopted by each village.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)947-968
Number of pages22
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • Dependency theory
  • Economic impacts
  • Leakages
  • Northern Thailand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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