Demographic factors in adult smoking status

Mediating and moderating influences

Jennifer S. Rose, Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Steven J. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the current study mediators and moderators of demographic factors in smoking behavior were examined. Those with low education levels were more likely to smoke, believed less in the negative health effects of smoking, believed more in the positive psychological benefits of smoking, had lower value on a healthy lifestyle, and had more friends who smoked. Although all of these factors significantly mediated education effects on smoking, number of friends who smoke was the most powerful of these mediators. There were no gender differences in smoking rates. However, compared with men, smoking among women was more strongly related to perceived psychological benefits of smoking, number of friends who smoke, and health beliefs about smoking. Implications for targeting intervention at less educated individuals and women are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-37
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Smoking
Demography
Smoke
Psychology
Education
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Demographic factors in adult smoking status : Mediating and moderating influences. / Rose, Jennifer S.; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark; Sherman, Steven J.

In: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1996, p. 28-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b9dd92b000ab44348c0eb0552776d163,
title = "Demographic factors in adult smoking status: Mediating and moderating influences",
abstract = "In the current study mediators and moderators of demographic factors in smoking behavior were examined. Those with low education levels were more likely to smoke, believed less in the negative health effects of smoking, believed more in the positive psychological benefits of smoking, had lower value on a healthy lifestyle, and had more friends who smoked. Although all of these factors significantly mediated education effects on smoking, number of friends who smoke was the most powerful of these mediators. There were no gender differences in smoking rates. However, compared with men, smoking among women was more strongly related to perceived psychological benefits of smoking, number of friends who smoke, and health beliefs about smoking. Implications for targeting intervention at less educated individuals and women are discussed.",
author = "Rose, {Jennifer S.} and Laurie Chassin and Clark Presson and Sherman, {Steven J.}",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.1037/0893-164X.10.1.28",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "28--37",
journal = "Psychology of Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0893-164X",
publisher = "Educational Publishing Foundation",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demographic factors in adult smoking status

T2 - Mediating and moderating influences

AU - Rose, Jennifer S.

AU - Chassin, Laurie

AU - Presson, Clark

AU - Sherman, Steven J.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - In the current study mediators and moderators of demographic factors in smoking behavior were examined. Those with low education levels were more likely to smoke, believed less in the negative health effects of smoking, believed more in the positive psychological benefits of smoking, had lower value on a healthy lifestyle, and had more friends who smoked. Although all of these factors significantly mediated education effects on smoking, number of friends who smoke was the most powerful of these mediators. There were no gender differences in smoking rates. However, compared with men, smoking among women was more strongly related to perceived psychological benefits of smoking, number of friends who smoke, and health beliefs about smoking. Implications for targeting intervention at less educated individuals and women are discussed.

AB - In the current study mediators and moderators of demographic factors in smoking behavior were examined. Those with low education levels were more likely to smoke, believed less in the negative health effects of smoking, believed more in the positive psychological benefits of smoking, had lower value on a healthy lifestyle, and had more friends who smoked. Although all of these factors significantly mediated education effects on smoking, number of friends who smoke was the most powerful of these mediators. There were no gender differences in smoking rates. However, compared with men, smoking among women was more strongly related to perceived psychological benefits of smoking, number of friends who smoke, and health beliefs about smoking. Implications for targeting intervention at less educated individuals and women are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030005785&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030005785&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0893-164X.10.1.28

DO - 10.1037/0893-164X.10.1.28

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 28

EP - 37

JO - Psychology of Addictive Behaviors

JF - Psychology of Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0893-164X

IS - 1

ER -