Deep hubble space telescope observations of star clusters in NGC 1275

Matthew N. Carlson, Jon A. Holtzman, Alan M. Watson, Carl J. Grillmair, Jeremy R. Mould, Gilda E. Ballester, Christopher J. Burrows, John T. Clarke, David Crisp, Robin W. Evans, John S. Gallagher, Richard E. Griffiths, J. Jeff Hester, John G. Hoessel, Paul Scowen, Karl R. Stapelfeldt, John T. Trauger, James A. Westphal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an analysis of compact star clusters in deep Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 images of NGC 1275. B- and R-band photometry of roughly 3000 clusters shows a bimodality in the B - R colors, suggesting that distinct old and young cluster populations are present. The small spread in the colors of the blue clusters is consistent with the hypothesis that they are a single-age population, with an inferred age of 0.1 to 1 Gyr. The luminosity function shows increasing numbers of blue clusters to the limit of our photometry, which reaches several magnitudes past the turnover predicted if the cluster population is identical to current Galactic globular clusters seen at a younger age. The blue clusters have a spatial distribution that is more centrally peaked than that of the red clusters. The individual clusters are slightly resolved, with core radii ≲0.75 pc if they have modified Hubble profiles. We estimate the specific frequencies of the old and young populations and discuss the uncertainties in these estimates. We find that the specific frequency of the young population in NGC 1275 is currently larger than that of the old population and will remain so as the young population evolves, even if the majority of the low-mass clusters are eventually destroyed. If the young population formed during a previous merger, this suggests that mergers can increase the specific frequency of globular clusters in a galaxy. However, the presently observed young population likely contains too few clusters to have a significant impact on the overall specific frequency as it will be observed in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1778-1790
Number of pages13
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume115
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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young population
star clusters
Hubble Space Telescope
merger
globular clusters
photometry
turnover
spatial distribution
color
estimates
cameras
luminosity
galaxies

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: star clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Carlson, M. N., Holtzman, J. A., Watson, A. M., Grillmair, C. J., Mould, J. R., Ballester, G. E., ... Westphal, J. A. (1998). Deep hubble space telescope observations of star clusters in NGC 1275. Astronomical Journal, 115(5), 1778-1790. https://doi.org/10.1086/300334

Deep hubble space telescope observations of star clusters in NGC 1275. / Carlson, Matthew N.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Watson, Alan M.; Grillmair, Carl J.; Mould, Jeremy R.; Ballester, Gilda E.; Burrows, Christopher J.; Clarke, John T.; Crisp, David; Evans, Robin W.; Gallagher, John S.; Griffiths, Richard E.; Hester, J. Jeff; Hoessel, John G.; Scowen, Paul; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Trauger, John T.; Westphal, James A.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 115, No. 5, 01.01.1998, p. 1778-1790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carlson, MN, Holtzman, JA, Watson, AM, Grillmair, CJ, Mould, JR, Ballester, GE, Burrows, CJ, Clarke, JT, Crisp, D, Evans, RW, Gallagher, JS, Griffiths, RE, Hester, JJ, Hoessel, JG, Scowen, P, Stapelfeldt, KR, Trauger, JT & Westphal, JA 1998, 'Deep hubble space telescope observations of star clusters in NGC 1275', Astronomical Journal, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 1778-1790. https://doi.org/10.1086/300334
Carlson MN, Holtzman JA, Watson AM, Grillmair CJ, Mould JR, Ballester GE et al. Deep hubble space telescope observations of star clusters in NGC 1275. Astronomical Journal. 1998 Jan 1;115(5):1778-1790. https://doi.org/10.1086/300334
Carlson, Matthew N. ; Holtzman, Jon A. ; Watson, Alan M. ; Grillmair, Carl J. ; Mould, Jeremy R. ; Ballester, Gilda E. ; Burrows, Christopher J. ; Clarke, John T. ; Crisp, David ; Evans, Robin W. ; Gallagher, John S. ; Griffiths, Richard E. ; Hester, J. Jeff ; Hoessel, John G. ; Scowen, Paul ; Stapelfeldt, Karl R. ; Trauger, John T. ; Westphal, James A. / Deep hubble space telescope observations of star clusters in NGC 1275. In: Astronomical Journal. 1998 ; Vol. 115, No. 5. pp. 1778-1790.
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AU - Ballester, Gilda E.

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N2 - We present an analysis of compact star clusters in deep Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 images of NGC 1275. B- and R-band photometry of roughly 3000 clusters shows a bimodality in the B - R colors, suggesting that distinct old and young cluster populations are present. The small spread in the colors of the blue clusters is consistent with the hypothesis that they are a single-age population, with an inferred age of 0.1 to 1 Gyr. The luminosity function shows increasing numbers of blue clusters to the limit of our photometry, which reaches several magnitudes past the turnover predicted if the cluster population is identical to current Galactic globular clusters seen at a younger age. The blue clusters have a spatial distribution that is more centrally peaked than that of the red clusters. The individual clusters are slightly resolved, with core radii ≲0.75 pc if they have modified Hubble profiles. We estimate the specific frequencies of the old and young populations and discuss the uncertainties in these estimates. We find that the specific frequency of the young population in NGC 1275 is currently larger than that of the old population and will remain so as the young population evolves, even if the majority of the low-mass clusters are eventually destroyed. If the young population formed during a previous merger, this suggests that mergers can increase the specific frequency of globular clusters in a galaxy. However, the presently observed young population likely contains too few clusters to have a significant impact on the overall specific frequency as it will be observed in the future.

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