Deep extragalactic visible legacy survey (DEVILS): Stellar mass growth by morphological type since z = 1

Abdolhosein Hashemizadeh, Simon P. Driver, Luke J.M. Davies, Aaron S.G. Robotham, Sabine Bellstedt, Rogier A. Windhorst, Malcolm Bremer, Steven Phillipps, Matt Jarvis, Benne W. Holwerda, Claudia Del P. Lagos, Soheil Koushan, Malgorzata Siudek, Natasha Maddox, Jessica E. Thorne, Pascal Elahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Using high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope imaging data, we perform a visual morphological classification of ~36 000 galaxies at z < 1 in the deep extragalactic visible legacy survey/cosmological evolution survey region. As the main goal of this study, we derive the stellar mass function (SMF) and stellar mass density (SMD) sub-divided by morphological types. We find that visual morphological classification using optical imaging is increasingly difficult at z > 1 as the fraction of irregular galaxies and merger systems (when observed at rest-frame UV/blue wavelengths) dramatically increases. We determine that roughly two-thirds of the total stellar mass of the Universe today was in place by z ~ 1. Double-component galaxies dominate the SMD at all epochs and increase in their contribution to the stellar mass budget to the present day. Elliptical galaxies are the second most dominant morphological type and increase their SMD by ~2.5 times, while by contrast, the pure-disc population significantly decreases by ~ 85 per cent. According to the evolution of both high- and low-mass ends of the SMF, we find that mergers and in situ evolution in discs are both present at z < 1, and conclude that double-component galaxies are predominantly being built by the in situ evolution in discs (apparent as the growth of the low-mass end with time), while mergers are likely responsible for the growth of ellipticals (apparent as the increase of intermediate/high-mass end).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-160
Number of pages25
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021


  • Galaxies: bulges
  • Galaxies: disc
  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: luminosity function, mass function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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