Decreased α-synuclein expression in the aging mouse substantia nigra

Sally K. Mak, Alison L. McCormack, J. William Langston, Jeffrey H. Kordower, Donato A. Di Monte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because of its normal function in synaptic plasticity and pathologic involvement in age-related neurodegenerative diseases, the protein α-synuclein could play an important role in aging processes. Here we compared α-synuclein expression in the substantia nigra and other brain regions of young (2-month-old), middle-aged (10-month-old), and old (20-month-old) mice. Levels of nigral α-synuclein mRNA, as assessed by both in situ hybridization and qPCR, were high in young mice and progressively declined in middle-aged and old animals. This age-dependent mRNA loss was paralleled by a marked reduction of α-synuclein protein; immunoreactivity of midbrain sections stained with an anti-α-synuclein antibody was most robust in 2-month-old mice and weakest in 20-month-old animals. Lowering of nigral α-synuclein could not be explained by a loss of dopaminergic neurons and was relatively specific since no change in β-synuclein mRNA and protein occurred with advancing age. Finally, age-related decreases in α-synuclein were widespread throughout the mouse brain, affecting other regions (e.g., hippocampus) besides the substantia nigra. The data suggest that loss of α-synuclein could contribute to or be a marker of synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain. They also emphasize important differences in α-synuclein expression between rodents and primates since earlier reports have shown a marked elevation of α-synuclein protein in the substantia nigra of older humans and non-human primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume220
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • β-Synuclein
  • Age
  • Dopaminergic neurons
  • Hippocampus
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mice
  • Parkinson
  • RNA
  • Synaptic plasticity
  • Synuclein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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