Decoding Motor Cortical Spike Trains for Brain Machine Interface Applications

J. Hu, Jennie Si, B. P. Olson, R. S. Clement, J. He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper addresses the issue of cortical control using motor neurons. We examined data from both open-loop off-line and close-loop online motor control tasks: Given multineuron recordings of action potentials, determine rats' paddle press intentions as they respond to the onset of light cues. We systematically evaluated two classes of machine learning classification techniques, the self-organizing maps (SOM), and the support vector machines (SVM).The SOM based algorithm was augmented by a Bayesian decision model for classification of control commands.To circumvent the difficulty of large number of data variables and relatively low number of data samples, principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) were used as dimension reduction techniques associated with the classifiers.We demonstrated using recordings from 5 rats that the proposed algorithms provide much more accurate control decisions than those by chance. Our results provided validation of the feasibility of real-time brain control with feedback using predictive models between cortical firing patterns and control commands. Our real-time brain control does not require desired target information in decoding as some other algorithms did. In addition, careful comparisons and evaluations are provided for several different implementations of the decoding techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
EditorsR.S. Leder
Pages2071-2074
Number of pages4
Volume3
StatePublished - 2003
EventA New Beginning for Human Health: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: Sep 17 2003Sep 21 2003

Other

OtherA New Beginning for Human Health: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
CountryMexico
CityCancun
Period9/17/039/21/03

Keywords

  • Brain-machine interface
  • Motor cortical control
  • SOM
  • Spike train decoding
  • SVM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

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  • Cite this

    Hu, J., Si, J., Olson, B. P., Clement, R. S., & He, J. (2003). Decoding Motor Cortical Spike Trains for Brain Machine Interface Applications. In R. S. Leder (Ed.), Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings (Vol. 3, pp. 2071-2074)